By Seeram Ramakrishna (auth.), Takeshi Yao (eds.)
Since 2008, the worldwide heart of Excellence (COE) at Kyoto college, Japan, has been engaged in a application referred to as “Energy technological know-how within the Age of world Warming—Toward a CO2 Zero-Emission power System.” Its objective is to set up a global schooling and study platform to foster educators, researchers, and coverage makers who can enhance applied sciences and suggest guidelines for setting up a CO2 zero-emission society not depending on fossil fuels. it's renowned that the strength challenge can't easily be categorized a technological one, because it is usually deeply concerned with social and monetary concerns. The institution of a “low-carbon power technological know-how” as an interdisciplinary box integrating social sciences with normal sciences is critical. the worldwide COE is taking off a zero-emission expertise roadmap and is selling socioeconomic reviews of strength, reports of latest applied sciences for renewable energies, and study for complicated nuclear strength. It has additionally confirmed the worldwide COE Unit for strength technological know-how schooling to help younger researchers as they follow their abilities and information and a vast overseas viewpoint to answer problems with power and the surroundings in our societies. Comprising the complaints of the second one overseas Symposium of the worldwide COE application, this publication follows at the prior quantity Zero-Carbon power Kyoto 2009, released in March 2010.
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Additional info for Zero-Carbon Energy Kyoto 2010: Proceedings of the Second International Symposium of Global COE Program “Energy Science in the Age of Global Warming—Toward CO2 Zero-emission Energy System”
3. As shown in the figure, CO2 emitted from a heat power plant is directly transported and spread into forests using pipeline, where the concentration of atmospheric CO2 spread inside forests is maintained with 1,000 ppm which is much higher than the average (equilibrium) atmospheric CO2 concentration of around 385 ppm. Notice that this artificial treatment is done for only artificial forest. Namely, the atmospheric CO2 concentration around artificial forests is set to 1,000 ppm, while that around natural forests is set to the average value (385 ppm).
Future policy measures therefore should aim at reducing inputs to attain a better performance in both models. 54 J. Cravioto et al. Development DEA Performance [%] 100 Tanzania Uzebekistan Jamaica Russia Bulgaria S. 1 Development to production performance in country sample 4 Conclusion The best performing countries in the production model were Costa Rica, Ghana and the Philippines whereas Tanzania and Nigeria were for the development one. Other countries show lower efficiency performance in both DEA models meaning less significant impact of electricity and CO2 emissions to wealth or development achievements.
The CO2 absorption rate is an increasing function of atmospheric CO2 concentration, and becomes progressively saturated over 1,000 ppm. In addition, the absorption rate at around 1,000 ppm is more than twice of that at around 385 ppm. Secondly, using the described function, CO2 absorption by forests in the operating region of each electric power company was investigated with a simple model in which the atmospheric CO2 concentration around artificial forests was artificially increased up to 1,000 ppm, and the investigation was done for the following three cases: (a) Current forest land, (b) Forest land with twice artificial forest land area and (c) Forest land with new species of artificial forests.