By Vesselin Popovski, Gregory M. Reichberg, Nicholas Turner
Для сайта:Мир книгRecent armed conflicts have drawn clean cognizance to age-old questions relating whilst warfare will be justified and what equipment and objectives are permissible in the course of warfare. Over greater than millennia, the worlds major non secular traditions - Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam - have supplied assistance in those contested domain names. This quantity examines how the religions have replied to urgent ethical demanding situations resembling offensive and protecting battle, the safety of noncombatants, uneven strategies, terrorism, and guns of mass destruction. Written by means of a world workforce of wonderful experts of their respective traditions, global Religions and Norms of battle takes the reader on a trip throughout the evolution of attitudes and teachings with regards to the ethics of conflict. It systematically explores the historic roots and interpretations of norms inside those traditions, linking them to the demanding situations of contemporary struggle. this mix of deep ancient research and alertness to modern concerns presents invaluable perception or even activates us to reconsider our figuring out of the function and impression of faith within the nation and politics.
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Additional info for World Religions and Norms of War
57 Post-Kautilyan synthesis: Common Era – 900 CE S. K. Bhakari asserts that the tightening of the social system based on four varnas (castes) and the emphasis on stasis by the Hindu religious literature of the post-Kautilyan era obstructed intellectual innovations, especially in military affairs. The Hindu texts prohibited foreign travel, discourse with foreigners and overseas commerce. 59 An analysis in a chronological manner of the texts generated by the Hindu theoreticians in the aftermath of the Arthasastra shows that the Hindu theoreticians attempted to blunt Kautilya’s focus on kutayuddha and tried to integrate his teachings within the paradigm of dharmayuddha.
As regards surveillance of civil society, the Arthasastra emphasizes watching the movements of state ofﬁcials and the high castes,39 probably because the high castes were economically powerful and literate and controlled the state bureaucracy. So Kautilya perceived a threat from them. 40 One can argue that Brekke is interpreting Indian military philosophy from a European perspective. Carl von Clausewitz’s bipolar, watertight compartmentalization of warfare into inter-state war and intra-state war is not universally applicable.
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007, pp. 80–81. 11. See David Little, ‘‘Religious Militancy’’, in Chester A. Crocker and Fen Osler Hampson, with Pamela Aall (eds) Managing Global Chaos: Sources of and Responses to International Conﬂict. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1996. ) Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. 12. R. Scott Appleby, The Ambivalence of the Sacred: Religion, Violence, and Reconciliation.