By John T. Haworth, Anthony J. Veal
Globalization, monetary improvement and adjustments in social environments have positioned the relationships among paintings, relaxation, social constitution and caliber of existence below the highlight. Profound ameliorations within the nature and association of labor are happening, with almost certainly far-reaching social and monetary effects. more and more, enterprises call for better flexibility from their workforces and are introducing new applied sciences and practices according to international aggressive pressures. while many staff are experiencing lengthy operating hours, expanding workloads and task lack of confidence, in addition to the problem of balancing paintings and family tasks. those alterations threaten long term achieve in relaxation time whereas, concurrently, the rest atmosphere can be altering extensively, as we see expanding commercialization and professionalization of rest companies and stories, the impression of the net, the increase of playing and the decline of community-based job.
Exploring all of those concerns, this ebook brings jointly particularly commissioned chapters from foreign specialists in a variety of disciplines excited about paintings, relaxation and health. each one writer takes inventory of the present place, identifies center useful and theoretical matters and discusses attainable destiny traits for you to offer a useful source for all policy-makers, educators, employers and researchers within the field.
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Additional resources for Work and Leisure
As a result, the typical working year for full-time employed workers fell to less than 2000 hours in the post-Second World War era. These historical trends, indicating that working hours of most workers in pre-industrial England were considerably shorter than those of industrial workers at the height of the industrial revolution, are widely acknowledged. The case for a pre-industrial leisured society, made by Schor (1991) and others is, however, arguably somewhat exaggerated, since it seems to ignore a number of issues, including women’s work; the disciplines of animal husbandry; the demands of feudal society and the Church; and the diﬀerence between agricultural, industrial and other sectors.
In contemporary Western society the balance between work and leisure is, and has been at least since the Enlightenment, considered an earnest matter 18 A. J. Veal because work is seen as the means to human progress – at both the individual and societal level and in a material and spiritual/intellectual sense. From such a viewpoint, Sahlins (1974: 15–20) notes, anthropologists have inferred that the lack of material possessions of hunter-gatherer communities suggests an existence involving scarcity and a ceaseless round of relatively unsuccessful eﬀort to overcome the environmental odds.
Thus are the inequalities of paid work wished away. What all this means for leisure is far from clear. Changes in the structure of the economy should not be assumed to alter perceptions of paid employment. The commonly expressed idea that work has lost out to leisure as a source of identity is simply speculative. What is clear is that the duration and intensity of work has increased. The average Briton in employment works longer hours than in any other country in the European Union. Whatever else it has done, economic change has clearly decreased the amount of time which is free from paid employment.