Download Was Communism Doomed?: Human Nature, Psychology and the by Simon Kemp PDF

By Simon Kemp

This e-book explores no matter if the ideology of communism was once doomed to failure as a result of mental instead of structural flaws. Does communism fail simply because there isn't adequate person incentive and does it discourage mental possession? if that is so, does it produce discovered helplessness and for this reason empower evil? This e-book considers such questions, either with recognize to how communism really functioned and the way it may possibly have functioned utilizing examples from japanese Europe and the USSR itself in the course of the twentieth century. It stories either the ideology of communism and its historical past, in addition to the elemental yet tricky query of ways one may well come to a decision no matter if an financial system may be outlined as winning or no longer.

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Additional resources for Was Communism Doomed?: Human Nature, Psychology and the Communist Economy

Sample text

Environmental degradation, and particularly air pollution, may also have been important in shortening life in some countries, for example, East Germany. 8 These two measures, literacy and life expectancy, are interesting not only because they are basic, frequently used measures of social development but also because they lead to different conclusions. Seen historically, communist systems fare reasonably well on the literacy but not on the life expectancy measure. Similar disparities appear for other objective measures.

29 There are few life satisfaction measures for Eastern Europe before 1990. One study, conducted in 1986 and largely concerned with how people use time, sampled from a city in the USA (Jackson, Michigan) and a reasonably comparable one in the USSR (Pskov, Russia) and included questions on satisfaction with work and satisfaction with one’s free time. Overall, 68 % of the Pskov respondents and 69 % of the Jackson respondents claimed to be completely satisfied or more satisfied than not with their job as a whole, and 39 % of Pskov respondents and 48 % of Jackson respondents claimed to be completely or basically satisfied with how they spent their free time.

Basic principles of socialism. It is not clear that this proportion increased as a result of communist rule, as there was some enthusiasm for it at the end of World War 2 before communist rule began, but at least the communist system was not a major discouragement to the ideals of socialism. There is a larger issue here. Many communists believed that, after a generation or so, the citizenry, via the process of education, would in fact have a quite different psychology from that of people who had grown up in capitalist or feudal societies.

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