By Gillian Catriona Ramchand
Книга Verb which means and the Lexicon: a primary section Syntax Verb which means and the Lexicon: a primary part Syntax Книги Иностранные языки Автор: Gillian Catriona Ramchand Год издания: 2008 Формат: pdf Издат.:Cambridge collage Press Страниц: 228 Размер: 1,2 ISBN: 0521842409 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:The courting among the which means of phrases and the constitution of sentences is a crucial zone of analysis in linguistics. learning the connections among lexical conceptual which means and occasion structural family, this e-book arrives at a modular class of verb varieties inside of English and throughout languages. Ramchand argues that lexical encyclopedic content material and occasion structural points of that means must be systematically wonderful, and that thematic and aspectual relatives belong to the latter area of which means. The ebook proposes a syntactic decompositional view of middle verbal that means, and units out to account for the variety and systematicity of argument constitution realisation throughout verb varieties. It additionally proposes a singular view of lexical insertion
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Extra info for Verb Meaning and the Lexicon: A First Phase Syntax
Its semantic interpretation is given below:2 (10) [[res]] = λPλxλe[P(e) & res’(e) & State(e) & Subject (x,e)] When the resP is selected by a process-introducing head, proc, the holder of the state is then the holder of a ‘result’. I have labelled this special type of holder resultee.
It is not clear what the evidence for this position would be from a simple inspection of the semantics of causative verbs, since the process and the initiation/causation of an event are difﬁcult to tease apart. However, I will assume this position in what follows, partly because it gives a simpler ontology, and also because it allows a simpler analysis of stative verbs. Any hypothesis about event-structure decomposition must be evaluated on the basis of the general theory it gives rise to. In what follows, I will assume the causing subevent to be a state but leave it open whether further investigation of the data might require relaxing this position to admit any eventuality more generally.
We spewed the water out of the sink. *We stank the dog by throwing him in the cesspit. *John ran Mary by scaring her with a live mouse. While it is true that many types of external argument can be distinguished according to different semantic properties such as volitionality/agency (Butt 1995 for Hindi/Urdu) or active vs. inactive causing (as in Doron 2003), they 4 These examples are taken from Rappaport-Hovav and Levin (2000). 24 The empirical ground all seem to be subclasses of argument that behave the same way with respect to our linguistic diagnostics for unaccusativity as shown above, and differently from internal arguments.