By Daniel Gutzmann
This booklet seeks to assemble the pragmatic concept of 'meaning as use' with the conventional semantic strategy that considers that means when it comes to fact stipulations. Daniel Gutzmann adopts middle principles by means of the thinker David Kaplan in assuming that the that means of expressions akin to oops or damn will be captured through giving the stipulations lower than which they are often felicitously used. He develops a multidimensional method of that means, referred to as hybrid semantics, that comes with use stipulations along fact stipulations in a unified framework. This new procedure overcomes the empirical gaps and conceptual difficulties linked to earlier multidimensional platforms; it additionally lessens the load at the compositional process by way of transferring regulations at the mixture of use-conditional expressions to the lexicon-semantics interface rather than construction them without delay into the combinatoric ideas. The process defined during this publication can seize the complete that means of complicated expressions, and in addition has normal functions within the research of sentence temper and modal debris in German, as Gutzmann's targeted case reviews reveal. The e-book can be a invaluable source for linguists operating within the fields of semantics, pragmatics, and philosophy of language, in addition to to philosophers and cognitive scientists with an curiosity in which means in language.
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Extra resources for Use-conditional meaning : studies in multidimensional semantics
As it turns out, LCI proves to be too restrictive. It is not able to deal with mixed UCIs. Therefore, I continue with a similar review of McCready’s (2010) extension L+CI that introduces new types and composition rules. As the assessment shows, it can deal with all kinds of UCIs, but still has problems with some of the other constructions. I conclude by addressing an issue of compositionality that is common to both variants of the logic, * . This problem is rooted in the specific which I collectively refer to as LCI * exhibits way the two dimensions are treated.
Potts 2007b: 168) b. That idiot Kresge dropped the bottle again. 24) Expressive attributive adjectives a. I hear your damn dog barking. b. My friggin’ bike tire is flat again. (Potts 2005: 18) Both epithets and expressive attributive adjectives contribute useconditional content and no truth-conditional meaning. From a truthconditional point of view, such expressions are therefore optional. Adding or omitting them does not alter the truth conditions of a sentence. 25) are truthconditionally equivalent.
41) a. Lessing was a Kraut, but he was a fine guy. b. # Lessing was a Kraut, but generally, I like Germans. c. # Generally, I like Germans, but Lessing was a Kraut. Before we leave our descriptive survey of expressives in the narrow sense, let me briefly mention too the problem that many expressives are multifunctional. For instance, a UCI like damn can be used as an expressive attributive adjective or as an expressive interjection. In the same vein, many UCIs are multifunctional. Other UCIs, like fucking, can either function as expressive adjectives or modify other expressives.