By John E. Moerlins, Mikhail K. Khankhasayev, Steven F. Leitman, Ernazar J. Makhmudov
“Human background turns into increasingly more a race among schooling and catastrophe.”
H. G. Wells
Despite a starting to be wisdom of the significance of freshwater, human activities proceed to degrade the freshwater ecosystems upon which we rely. so much areas of the area face critical coming near near difficulties on the topic of the supply and efficient/equitable distribution of freshwater – those difficulties develop into exacerbated while either floor water and groundwater flows among and between a number of countries.
As populations develop and the general call for for water raises, many of the and sometimes competing calls for for the finite inventory of freshwater increases. those shortages may end up in ecological/resource inefficiencies, economic/industrial difficulties, degradation of human future health, social instability, or even clash. The crucial Asian republics and neighboring international locations are at the moment experiencing those difficulties - difficulties that may develop into exacerbated by means of international weather swap, expanding inhabitants and becoming calls for for water.
In reaction to those growing to be issues, on 20-22 June 2006, a NATO-sponsored complex study Workshop (ARW) was once equipped in Almaty, Kazakhstan entitled, “Facilitating nearby defense in relevant Asia via greater administration of Transboundary Water Basin Resources”. This medical assembly convened major environmental specialists from crucial Asia, the Caucasus and from NATO member international locations to handle the myriad of concerns regarding shared freshwater one of the international locations during this quarter. concerns related to ecology, legislations, economics, politics, water coverage and built-in water administration have been mentioned and evaluated. opposed to the backdrop of the generally recognized Aral Sea challenge, those major specialists addressed a wide selection of present and rising concerns concerning transboundary water management.
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Extra info for Transboundary Water Resources: A Foundation for Regional Stability in Central Asia
Floods). Rise in air temperatures and contamination of precipitation causes increases in the melting of glaciers. This increased melting has already resulted in disturbances of the hydrological regimes, depletion of water resources, and degradation of aquatic ecosystems, especially in the runoff dissipation zone. A considerable portion of the aquatic and water-related ecosystems of the region is located in foothill areas and adjacent valleys. The development of the mining, processing and chemical industries, as well as urbanization of these territories entailing the disposal of insufficiently treated industrial and domestic wastewater into water bodies are a threat to the functioning of ecosystems.
This report will promote public awareness with respect to the degradation of aquatic ecosystems in the sub region, as well as formulating the topical tasks in the field of preserving aquatic ecosystems in Central Asia, and development of efficient strategies and mechanisms for regulating their vital functions. 2. The Central Asian Region The Central Asian region is located in the center of the Eurasian continent and occupies the area of 3,882,000 km2 with a population of 53,000,000 people. It includes the countries as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
In WATER ECOSYSTEMS OF CENTRAL ASIA 49 the countries of the sub region, these areas make up hundreds of thousands of square kilometers, and their length consists of many thousands of kilometers. For instance, only in Uzbekistan, the main irrigation and drainage canals cover an area of 156,000 km2, and their total length is about 1,100 km. Water delivery and use are often complicated deteriorating water quality and sanitary conditions. Therefore, development of measures for addressing these problems has a practical value and is one of the most important issues of hydrobiology.