By Michael Grupp
Chapter 1 The Incoming sunlight Radiation (pages 1–5):
Chapter 2 the elemental solar power warmth Transfers (pages 7–41):
Chapter three sun Thermal strength Product requisites (pages 43–46):
Chapter four chosen sun Thermal functions (pages 47–100):
Chapter five sunlight PV (pages 101–115):
Chapter 6 Conclusions past sunlight (pages 117–128):
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Extra info for Time to Shine: Applications of Solar Energy Technology
Table 2 shows typical transmission and other characteristic values for some solar materials. Solar transmission materials have to fulfill multiple functions, some of them quite contradictory. Apart from optical T H E B A S I C S O L A R ENERGY H E A T TRANSFERS 23 transmission (they have to be able to admit a large part of the incoming light), they have to: • be insulating (have low thermal conductivity), • withstand high temperature differences and stagnation temperatures, gravity, wind forces, and - in many cases - UV light and chemicals, without degrading over the useful life of the material, and • be dimensionally stable.
Incident Angle Modifier (IAM). • Ambient temperature (Ta) (by carefully shielded and vented sensors). • Direct and diffuse irradiance (Irr) (by pyranometer). • Other ambient parameters: wind, collector elevation, tracking frequency by data-logger, and careful consignment of all data into the test protocol, which can make or break a successful measurement. The evaluation of these parameters takes place with the help of different versions of the "collector equation" describing the dependence of collector efficiency from collector temperature, ambient temperature, and irradiance.
The interest of direct solar gain systems is largely dependent on what glazing technologies are available. Windows and Glazings in Solar Space Heating Early windows had single glazing, and hence, often let more heat out at night than they gained during the day, and on cloudy days as well. Various systems with multiple glazings, including special types of glass and coatings, have greatly improved the heat balance of windows, but the cost is correspondingly high. There are windows specially designed to reduce solar glare and to reflect heat in hot climates to avoid overheating, which can be a dominating energy loss path in air-conditioned latitudes.