By D. John Shaw (auth.)
This ebook makes a speciality of the transformation of the WFP into the world's greatest humanitarian employer, offering an in-depth account of responses to more and more huge and intricate average and man-made failures. It examines nutrients relief and appears to the recent modalities which are required to make foodstuff extra to be had to these in dire need.
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Additional resources for The World’s Largest Humanitarian Agency: The Transformation of the UN World Food Programme and of Food Aid
Strikingly, while the US Congress always passed a food aid budget as requested by the president, other economic assistance budgets received a mauling. From the enactment of PL480 in 1954, food aid was treated separately from other forms of US aid. It became an inextricable part of an omnibus farm bill, which was passed at periodic intervals of four to five years, financed out of US Department of Agriculture appropriations. This, in turn, led to marked differences in responsibility for policy, programming and operations between food aid and other forms of US assistance, and a lack of co- ordination among the different types of aid in country assistance programmes.
It was also expected that the WFP would provide substantial additional resources to support the work of both the FAO and UN. Therefore, neither would yield to the other and, as a compromise, the WFP was made a joint undertaking. The checks and balances written into the WFP’s constitution were to ensure that neither organization would gain hegemony over the fledging programme. A contrary view was that, given the negative experiences of the rapidly expanding US food aid programme, the political, commercial and economic dimensions of food aid required policy, economic and financial controls and guidance by the two organizations with the mandates, experience and responsibilities for the wider issues at stake.
Seventeen different types of development projects were approved. These could be grouped into four main categories as far as the use of food aid was concerned: food-for-work programmes, land settlement and reform, special feeding programmes, and animal production projects. Food-for-work programmes The largest category comprised labour-intensive works programmes. WFP food assistance was provided to workers and their families in the form of rations calculated to meet their nutritional requirements and as part of their money wages.