By Christopher D. Sapp
This examine monograph is an empirical and theoretical examine of clause-final verbal complexes within the historical past of German. The ebook provides corpus reviews of heart excessive German and Early New excessive German and surveys of up to date kinds of German. those investigations of the verbal advanced deal with not just the frequencies of the be aware orders, but additionally the linguistic elements that impact them. On that empirical foundation, the research followed is the vintage verb-final process, with substitute orders derived by way of Verb (Projection) elevating. Verb elevating in those old and glossy types is topic to morphological, prosodic, and sociolinguistic regulations, suggesting that the orders in query aren't pushed by way of slender syntax yet by way of their results on the interface with phonology. This examine should be of curiosity to scholars and students learning the diachronic syntax of German, West Germanic dialect syntax, and the connection among prosody and note order.
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Additional resources for The Verbal Complex in Subordinate Clauses from Medieval to Modern German
Factors influencing verb order in ENHG er ... 2 In addition, with two of these orders, 1-3-2 and 1-2-3, some constituent may break up the VC. e. V 3 (8). The fact that no constituent may break up the 3-2-1 order, or appear between V 3 and in the 1-3-2 order, follows the generalization discussed above, that no constituent can intervene between verbs in the left-governing order.
Chapter 2. Factors influencing verb order in MHG than expected following a stressed word (34%) and somewhat lower following an unstressed word, confirming Behaghel's claim. Table 4. Effect of the stress of the preceding word on 1-2 order Stress of preceding word 2-1 1-2 Factorwt. 001 Alternatively, the differing effect of nouns versus pronouns on verb order could be due to a difterence in definiteness. 4%, but when it is definite (including pronouns and proper names), the rate is close to the expected rate.
9% of the two-verb dusters are 1-2 (2001: 84, cited inPaul2007:455). Chapter 2. Factors influencing verb order in MHG Table 2. Effect of syntagm on 1-2 order Syntagm 2-1 1-2 Factorwt. sein passive progressive werden passive perfect with sein perfect with haben modal +in£ other V + inf. 8 The hierarchy from my MHG corpus (12a) can be compared to those found by Prell (12b): ( 12) a. b. sein pass. > werden pass. > sein perf. > haben pert~ > modals sein pass. > werden pass. > pedtd > modals (Prel12001: 85, cited in Paul 2007: 455-456) In both my MHG study and Prell (2001), the statal passive with sein has the 1-2 order considerably less often than the werden passive does.