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By Ruth T. McVey

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Sample text

In their search for a bridge to the Indonesian population, they arrived first at an alliance with Insulin de, which was then the most radical and politicaUy well developed of the nonEuropean organizations. The movement, which had been founded in 1907 as a nonpolitical, Eurasian-oriented association, inherited much of the membership and character of the Indiscbe Pamj after that ilI·fated party's dissolution in 1913. Its radicalism derived largely from the secial rejection felt by the Eurasian group from the increasingly exclusive European community and the economic threat of the gr~wing number of educated Indonesians, who were paid a lower wage scale and thus were cheaper to hire than Eurasians.

For one thing, the Eurasian-oriented movement was hardly a gateway to the Indonesian masses. Moreover, its socialist sympathy was admittedly opportunistic, for its leaders were openly interested in replacing the European ruling elite with one of Eurasians and educated Javanese; they therefore had little use for the radical socialists' emphasis on the class struggle and the plight of the Indonesian workers and peasants. 5neevliet, who at first had been greatly impressed by Insulinde leader Tjipto Mangunkusumo,33 was soon attacking him for insufficient dedication to the proletarian cause, and Tjipto himself came to resent Sneevliet's efforts to turn his party in a more radical direction.

T Party his own free will. He had lost his teaching job in October 1911, when the government decided that his political utterances had exceeded the permissible limits for those in its employ. After that he devoted full time to running the ISDV and Het Vrife Woord. but this revolutionary activity was not enough to satisfy him. Unlike Sneevliet, who alter. finally lost both his temper and his interest. Convinced that his calling lay with the revolution in Europe. he set forth to tilt at the Dutch bourgeoisie: Oh, there is so much that is depressing.

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