By Ellen Meiksins Wood
A survey of influential tendencies in modern Marxist thought which examines the connection among type, politics and beliefs. The creation discusses the relevance of the textual content in a post-Soviet global and argues for a re-assessment of sophistication politics through academia instead to a cynical attractiveness of capitalism.
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Extra info for The Retreat from Class: A New 'True' Socialism (Verso Classics)
210. 38 override the fact that, like the 'blue-collar' working class, these groups are completely separated from the means of production; that they are exploited (which he concedes), that they perform surplus labour whose nature is determined by capitalist relations of production - the wage-relationship in which expropriated workers are compelled to sell their labour-power; or even that the same compulsions of capital accumulation that operate in the organization of labour for the working class - its 'rationalization', fragmentation, discipline, etc.
Ideology in Social Science, London 1972, chapter eleven. The Forerunner: Nicos Poulantzas 27 Poulantzas, as in many of his contemporaries, much that is reminiscent (as Miliband pointed out in the debate with Poulantzas) of the 'ultra-left deviation' according to which there is little difference among various forms of capitalist state, whether fascist or liberal-democratic, and bourgeois-democratic forms are little more than sham and mystification. Strong traces of this view can be found, for example, in Poulantzas's conception of Bonapartism as an essential characteristic of all capitalist states.
What is true is that the organization of production in industrial capitalism establishes various divisions among workers within the labour process which are determined not by the technical demands of the labour-process itself but by its capitalist character. These divisions often constitute obstacles to the formation of a unified class - even in the case of workers who belong to the same class by virtue of their relation to capital and exploitation. But it is not clear why the divisions cited by Poulantzas should be more decisive than any others that divide workers in the labour-process or disunite them in the process of class organization.