By Michael Walsh Dickey (auth.)
This paintings is a psycho linguistic research of the processing of stressful (more in particular, the English earlier tense): while it's interpreted, the way it is interpreted, and what it really is interpreted with appreciate to. whereas there was loads of cognizance paid to stressful within the syntax and semantics literature, little paintings has been performed at the info of the mental processing of this type. the manager price and contribution of this ebook is to give a richly specified in-depth examine of the processing of demanding in grownup comprehension projects, delivering a superb version of the way to conceive of specific experimental paintings opposed to a history of subtle, deep, and wide linguistic concept. The dialogue of the representational concerns is deep and informative, and is without delay dropped at undergo on experimental matters. The experiments target to guage no matter if a speculation known as "Parsimony," a hugely believable thought that has bought tentative experimental help in different domain names, is the executive controlling function of the translation of annoying. The experimental effects offered rather always don't verify the obvious predictions made through Parsimony, yet particularly are typically extra in line with one other view (which Parsimony is aimed toward opposing) which holds that genuine structural components within the syntax of a sentence are a decisive issue. alongside the way in which, the writer considers a few different believable hypotheses because the experimental effects are awarded, yet comparing Parsimony continues to be the manager organizing precept of the road of analysis awarded here.
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Extra resources for The Processing of Tense: Psycholinguistic Studies on the Interpretation of Tense and Temporal Relations
With regards to underspecification, I will assume that meaning differences involving distinct LF representations cannot be underspecified. LF is a syntactic level of representation much like S-structure, and I assume that the processor commits early to one LF representation rather than carrying multiple analyses in parallel, much as it commits to a single S-structure representation. Therefore, when faced with a choice between distinct LFs associated with a given lexical item (such as a quantifier), the processor will have to choose one of the LFs immediately.
The INTRODUCTION 39 question of what counts for having distinct and incompatible interpretations is a difficult one, as Frazier and Rayner (1990) and Frazier (1999) note. For example, there still is not universal agreement regarding whether two senses count as related or unrelated (Nunberg, 1979; Pustejovsky, 1995). The question of what kinds of representations may be underspecified by the grammar is similarly controversial. For instance, most approaches to quantification assume that the different scope possibilities for quantifiers are fully specified at some level of representation (such as LF).
For the words with multiple related senses, this effect disappears: there is no advantage for early disambiguation. This pattern suggests that subjects do not automatically commit to one sense of a word - a hearerlreader must choose between genuinely incompatible meanings, but may delay deciding choosing among related senses. This result is incompatible with strong immediate interpretation, under which the processor immediately makes all decisions regarding what meaning to assign to a word. The second piece of evidence against strong immediate interpretation comes from the interpretation of adjectives.