Download The Mellah of Marrakesh: Jewish and Muslim Space in by Emily Gottreich PDF

By Emily Gottreich

''[The Mellah of Marrakesh] captures the vibrancy of Jewish society in Marrakesh within the tumultuous final many years sooner than colonial rule and within the first many years of lifestyles within the colonial period. even if inquisitive about the Jewish neighborhood, it deals a compelling portrait of the political, social, and fiscal concerns confronting all of Morocco and units a brand new usual for city social history.'' -- Dale F. Eickelman

Weaving jointly threads from Jewish historical past and Islamic city reports, The Mellah of Marrakesh situates the background of what was once as soon as the most important Jewish region within the Arab international in its right old and geographical contexts. even if framed through assurance of either prior and later classes, the publication specializes in the past due nineteenth century, a time whilst either the vibrancy of the mellah and the tenacity of longstanding styles of inter-communal kinfolk that happened inside of its partitions have been being critically confirmed. How neighborhood Jews and Muslims, in addition to resident Europeans lived the large political, fiscal, and social alterations of the pre- and early colonial sessions is reconstructed in Emily Gottreich's bright narrative.

Published with the beneficiant help of the Koret Foundation.

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Additional resources for The Mellah of Marrakesh: Jewish and Muslim Space in Morocco's Red City

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Al-Murr1bi•) and Almohad past. The remarkable feat of urbanism that was required to accomplish such a program fell largely to Mawlay al-Ghalib, and it was during his rule that Marrakesh began to take on the form by which it is recognizable today. Decades before Henri IV transformed Paris through his commissioning of the Louvre, the Grand Palais, and the Hôpital Saint-Louis,26 Mawlay al-Ghalib was busy reshaping Marrakesh with the first Saªdi tombs, the Ibn Yusuf madrasa (the largest in the Maghreb at the time), and several important mosques.

49 causes of mellahization Explanations for the phenomenon of mellahization in Morocco tend to fall into two main categories, one pragmatic and one ideational. In the first, the 20 Mellahization desire to keep the Jews in close proximity to the Kasbah is seen as the key motive, as this allows the sultan to protect “his” Jews from aggressors while at the same time giving the Makhzan easy access to their taxes and services. 50 But in Marrakesh, such concerns were more effect than cause. No attack on the Jews preceded its creation (indeed the midsixteenth century was a relatively calm period in Marrakesh), and we simply have no information about jizya (poll tax) collection during this period to support taxation claims one way or the other.

24 The Saªdi response to these challenges was based on counterclaims of sharifism, jihad, and mahdism. ”25 By rebuilding Marrakesh into a spectacular capital, the Saªdis sought to create a nucleus for their dynastic rule while also supplanting most of the city’s architectural references to its Almoravid (Ar. al-Murr1bi•) and Almohad past. The remarkable feat of urbanism that was required to accomplish such a program fell largely to Mawlay al-Ghalib, and it was during his rule that Marrakesh began to take on the form by which it is recognizable today.

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