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By Nina L. Collins

The interpretation of the Hebrew bible into Greek introduced the Jewish Scriptures into the non-Jewish international and enabled Greek-speaking Jews, the founders of Christianity, to set up a faith in keeping with its prophecies. This available examine argues that the Pentateuch used to be translated in 281 BC for Ptolemy II through a group of translators operating for Demetrius of Phalerum, the librarian of the good Library of Alexandria. Collins offers the facts for this date, the competition of the Jews, the incentive in the back of the paintings and the repurcussions of the interpretation. She additionally examines Demetrius of Phalerum who, she argues, used to be not just the worker of Ptolemy II yet was once additionally the 1st librarian of the Alexandria Library created via Ptolemy I. this can be an informative heritage of either the Bible and the early historical past of Alexandria, and its Library, lower than the 1st Ptolemies.

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Extra resources for The Library in Alexandria and the Bible in Greek (Supplements to Vetus Testamentum)

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But the phrase JiAevov ii eXocoaov appears in the Greek version of Wendland (1900), p. 148, and in the English translation of Thackeray (1918), p. 115. 81 Justin Martyr, Dialogue with Trypho 88. 82 Observed by Finegan (1964), p. 274, §427, citing: (1) Lk 3:23, 'Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about (cxret) thirty years of age'; (2) Irenaeus, Adv. Haer II 22,5, 'For when [Jesus] came to be baptized, he had not yet competed his 30th year, but was beginning to be about thirty years of age'; (3) Epiphanius, Panarion haer.

135; (8) Leo Grammaticus, see Bekker (1847), p. 49; (9) Michel le Syrien, see Chabot (1899), p. 232; (10) Bar Hebraeus, see Budge, i, (1932), pp. 39^40. (10) Solomon, Book of the Bee, Budge (1886), p. 120; (11) Armenian version of Eusebius' Chronicle (the years emended from 28), Joseph Karst (1911), p. 20. ll) and Basil of Seleucia gives 20 years (PG 85, p. 421). The latter value may be derived from the Parian Chronicle and the Canon of Claudius Ptolemaeus, in which the years of Ptolemy I are reckoned from his true accession on 12 January 304 BCE, see Grzybek (1962), p.

Clement of Alexandria, Strom. 148, trans. Wilson (1867). Filaster, Diversarurn Hereseon Liber CXLJI, cited Wendland (1900), pp. 160- 42 CHAPTER TWO 5. 466 CE), implicates only Ptolemy I: It seems to me rash to upset the writings which were transmitted long ago in the time of Ptolemy, who was king of Egypt after Alexander [= Ptolemy I], which all the seventy elders translated into the Greek language just as they also translated the other divine writing. . ,131 The link between the translation and Ptolemy I can be attributed directly to the mistake of the chronographer who converted the original (true) Egyptian date of the translation into an Olympiad date.

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