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By Minabahadura Sakya

Иконография непальского буддизма. Краткий справочник.

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Shakyamuni Buddha himself was, it is said, in the form of Vajradhara while he was teaching tantric path to his gifted disciples. Vajradhara is depicted holding a Vajra and a bell in his left hand and his arms are kept crossed in front of him expressing complete integration of Prajna and Upaya. He is usually depicted in blue colour in vajraparyanka posture. He has a crown, an Urna and an Ushnisha as a Sambhogakaya Buddha. Vajradhara is also depicted in father-mother (Aaju-Aji in Newari) aspect. en he holds his usual symbols while his arms are crossed at the back of his consort.

Vairocana Buddha originates from the seed syllable m placed on the orb of the moon. He also represents Rupa (form) of five aggregates. He is not a historical Buddha like Shakyamuni Buddha. According to Dharmalakshana sect of Mahayana Buddhism he is considered to be Svabhavika-kaya of Shakyamuni Buddha. e. Mahavairocana. When Vairocana Buddha is four faced and eight-armed he is addressed as Vajradhatu Buddha. According to Vajradhatumandala of Nispannayogavali, Vairocana is seated in Vajraparyanka and is white in color.

S Nepal was the place where the system of Adi-buddha was originated. e Swayambhu Purana gives an account of the first manifestation of Adi-Buddha or primordial Buddha in the form of a flame of fire or Clear Light ( skt. rabhashvara). e meaning of Clear Light is self-cognizant and unfabricated original wakefulness primordially present in the mind stream of all sentient beings of the three realms. Since it is primordially present in all sentient beings it is called Buddha-nature or Tathagatagarbha or Adi-Buddha.

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