By Paul Atkinson, Peter Glasner, Margaret Lock
An authoritative guide which deals a dialogue of the social, political, moral and financial effects and implications of the recent bio-sciences. The instruction manual takes an interdisciplinary method offering a synoptic evaluation of up to date overseas social technology learn on genetics, genomics and the recent existence sciences. It brings jointly top students with services throughout a wide-ranging spectrum of analysis fields on the topic of the creation, use, commercialisation and law of genetics wisdom. The instruction manual is based into seven cross-cutting issues in modern social technology study on genetics with introductions written via the world over well known part editors who take an interdisciplinary method of supply clean insights on fresh advancements and matters in frequently debatable fields of research. The instruction manual explores neighborhood and worldwide matters and seriously methods a variety of public and coverage questions, delivering a useful reference resource to a wide selection of researchers, lecturers and coverage makers.
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Extra info for The Handbook of Genetics and Society: Mapping the New Genomic Era (Genetics and Society)
The identiﬁcation of two genes – BRCA1 and BRCA2 – that signiﬁcantly increase a woman’s risk of breast cancer has led to a considerable level of activism in various national contexts (see Konrad 2005; Parthasarathy 2007). It would, however, be rash to assume that these can be generalised or that they necessarily lead to wholesale transformations in everyday conceptions of health, illness and patienthood. The studies of breast cancer activism alone show that national contexts of health-care provision and cultural practices concerning lay 9 A T K I N S O N , G L A S N ER A N D LO C K participation in decision-making and policy-formation are of greater signiﬁcance than any speciﬁc biomedical innovation.
Oxford: Berg. Moss, L. (2003) What Genes Can’t Do, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press Nature (2006) ‘Coping with complexity’, Nature, 441 (25 May): 383–4. Nightingale, P. and Martin, P. (2004) ‘The myth of the biotech revolution’, TRENDS in Biotechnology, 22, 11: 564–9. OECD (2008) ‘The bioeconomy to 2030: design and policy agenda’, OECD Biotechnology Update, 19 (30 April): 3–4. Pálsson, G. (2007) Anthropology and the New Genetics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Parﬁt, T. and Yugurova, Y. (2006) Genetics, Mass Media and Identity.
The Sequence Ontology Consortium at UC Berkeley found that it took 25 scientists two days to reach a workable deﬁnition of a gene, while a study of 500 biologists when asked their opinion on whether 14 diﬀerent sets of information constituted one gene, or more than one gene, gave inconsistent answers and were often evenly split on how many genes were actually present (Pearson 2006: 401). This may well hinder real co-operation between research groups, and further contribute to the diﬃculties facing bio-informaticians who work to standardise information gathered in large data sets.