By Sarah Dunnigan, Suzanne Gilbert
This choice of essays explores the old significance and ingenious richness of Scotland's broad contribution to modes of conventional tradition and expression: ballads, stories and storytelling, and tune. Its underlying goal is to lead to a extra dynamic and inclusive realizing of Scottish tradition. Rooted in literary heritage and either comparative and interdisciplinary in scope, the quantity covers the major facets and genres of conventional literature, together with the Gaelic culture, from the medieval interval to the present.
Key theoretical and conceptual concerns raised by means of the ancient research of Scotland's wealthy shop of ballad, track, and people narrative are mentioned in separate chapters. the quantity additionally explores why and the way Scottish literary writers were encouraged through conventional genres, modes, and motifs, and the intermingling of people and literary traditions in writers comparable to Burns, Scott, and Hogg. It additionally uncovers the folkloric and mythopoetic fabrics of early Scottish literature, and the power of ignored elements of Scottish pop culture.
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Additional resources for The Edinburgh Companion to Scottish Traditional Literatures
Herbs, skeletons and even the staff could be seen as traditional witch equipment. Stine was, in many ways, the recognisable witch of legend. There have been many assumptions made over the years about what constitutes ‘folklore’. This has in turn, to some extent, predetermined what is understood as ‘folk literature’, namely that it shares a close bond with orality. Further questions have arisen as to what folk literature’s relationship might be with the written variety. 27 Kirk and Martin drew upon folk material just as Burns incorporated local legend in ‘Tam o Shanter’, as did Scott relentlessly.
2 Basing their perspective mainly in sociolinguistics, these to some extent pushed folklore study away from its traditional humanities base and towards social sciences, as a branch of cultural anthropology. 3 This division – and folklore studies’ notorious terminological problems – caused disciplinary arguments and fractures. 4 Recently, folklorists, facing challenges to their study’s validity, have attempted to ring-fence it, with limited success. Folklore’s subject matter clearly overlaps other subject areas (like history, language, medicine and music), while the compound term (‘folk’, ‘lore’) has accumulated, over more than two centuries of study and usage, meanings complicating neat definition.
More rarely, some have adopted a hermeneutics of observation where the interpreter deliberately stands apart from the cultural production under investigation and interpretation. 36 At times, of course, the observer or ‘outsider’ has been partly a perceptive ‘insider’, born into the community, but for some reason separated from it in order to analyse it. So the process of culture change, accelerated by the ethnographer, overtakes ‘transmission’, even understood in the broadest sense. Songs in Lowland Scotland that the traditional community formerly designated ‘auld sangs’ now become ‘ballads’ or ‘muckle sangs’ because folklorists, eager to find rarities, told the singer what kind of song he or she was really singing.