By X. L. Ding
This ebook examines the connection among the Communist political elite and the principally anti-Communist highbrow elite through the decade of reform (1977-1989). the writer, who used to be a player in those occasions, indicates how intellectuals received keep watch over of kingdom associations and arranged resistance to the Deng Xiaoping regime. The e-book could be of curiosity to scholars of China and of comparative communism.
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Additional resources for The Decline of Communism in China: Legitimacy Crisis, 1977-1989
Sometimes the issues even reentered the official agenda under the counterelite s pressure. " Thanks to a high degree to the counterelite s action, these legitimate wants and desires now became partly the consciousness of ordinary Chinese citizens. The process was full of appeals and counterappeals between various levels and types of elMtes, beyond the delimited elite scope that the recent mainstream theories of regime stability have accounted for. For the reasons stated earlier, my study of regime legitimation relies on a widened elite scheme that goes beyond the conventional Kremlinological scope.
Theoretical and comparative issues 21 is an inseparable aspect of building up organizational strength and institutional capacity in the state machinery. "Vertical comparison," "horizontal comparison," and regime delegitimation Chinas experience in the post-Mao epoch has shown that the process of regime delegitimation is a process of constant comparison made by members of the concerned political community. The comparison is conducted along two lines. , "reality check"), and another is to compare the performance of the home government with that of foreign governments.
The power holders can water down the magnitude of their failure by promoting intensified "vertical comparison" campaigns, reminding people how miserable pre-Communist Chinese society was and how much progress has been made since then. High-ranking leaders can also blame their subordinates for poor governmental performance and corruption, thereby shifting the focus of popular resentment from the system to incumbents. Only with horizontal comparison can the governed go beyond personalized grievances against incumbents and reach a generalized understanding of the system as a whole.