By Martin McNamara MSC, Michael Maher MSC, Robert Hayward
The publication of Exodus speaks of significant occasions in Jewish self-understanding: the Exodus from Egypt, the covenant with Moses, and the giving of the legislations. it truly is half narrative, half spiritual legislation. This translation of the Palestinian Targums of Exodus will help in realizing this biblical booklet that's, in itself, an tricky redaction of the Jewish faith.
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Additional resources for Targums Neofiti 1 and Pseudo-Jonathan: Exodus
The Targum may reflect contemporary synagogue practice in its description o f the seeker o f divine instruction (the reader o f the Hebrew Bible) and the translator (the Targumist). See further on 7:1 ; Philo, De mig. Abr. XV §§81,84, and, on mtwrgmn, W. Bacher, 1899,28. Vulg. has a rendering not far removed from Tg. , and Tg. -J. Seven names are accorded to Jethro, o f which Jether is one: see Mek. R I Amalek 3:31-40, which comments on the change from “Jether” to “Jethro” by the addition o f an extra letter; Sifre Num.
Xii. 1, relates a belief that God dwelt in the area, and cf. the exegesis o f the verse in Exod. R. 11,2. ” For the Glory o f the Shekinah, see 3:4. Tg. -J. introduces the same expression here; cf. D. Munoz Leon, 1977, 71-72. ” With Targum, cf. , tas kataponêseis, and above, 2:25. 7Hebrew has: “And I have come down to deliver th em . . ” Tg. -J. has God manifesting himself to save by means o f his Memra; see Hayward, 1981 A, 16, and the important matter o f God’s revelation, found also in Tg. Onq.
Hebrew has “elders” for “wise men”; cf. LXX gerousia, and see above, 3:16. Hebrew has: “the God of the Hebrews has met with us”; cf. 5:3, and see the detailed discussion o f Tg. N f and the other Targums in Chester, 1986,140-41. ’ 19. ^ 20. And I will sendgg the plague o f m y punishment, and I will killhh the Egyptians18 by all my wonders which I will do amongst them. 21. And I will give this people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, and it shall come to pass that when you go"