By Mark Steedman
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Additional info for Taking Scope: The Natural Semantics of Quantifiers
That is, while the availability of (for example) a bound-variable reading depends on the interpretation of the pronoun in question being in the scope of the relevant quantiﬁer at the level of logical form, and while examples like (23) show that surface derivation imposes certain combinatoric constraints, the binding of the pronoun to the variable is not purely surface-compositionally mediated by the kind of syntactic mechanisms that support long-range dependencies such as those involved in relative clauses.
B. #Hisi mother likes Johni /Every boyi /a boyi . The present account follows Jacobson (2007), in assuming that the explanation for phenomena like crossover and those collected under Condition B should follow from the theory of pronominal anaphora itself, rather than via stipulative conditions on structural descriptions or competition across rival derivations. The above observations suggest the lineaments of a dynamic theory of anaphora of the general kind proposed by Kempson and Meyer-Viol (2002) or Shan and Barker (2006).
Part IV turns to techniques that allow efﬁcient processing of the CCG, including the model-theoretically spurious ambiguities that arise both from CCG’s generalized notion of consituency, and from scope ambiguity itself. A short concluding chapter summarizes the proposal, including its relation to other syntactic and semantic formalisms, including TAG and DRT. Part I Natural Semantics In most cases where we use the “indeﬁnite” article we have really something very deﬁnite in our mind. —Otto Jespersen, The Philosophy of Grammar (1924) Chapter 3 The Natural History of Scope It was a good-natured crowd, and a good time was had by all.