By Michela Ippolito
During this e-book, Michela Ippolito proposes a compositional semantics for subjunctive (or could) conditionals in English that bills for his or her felicity stipulations and the limitations at the delight in their presuppositions through capitalizing at the prevalence of previous stressful morphology in either antecedent and consequent clauses. little or no of the large literature on subjunctive conditionals attempts to account for the that means of those sentences compositionally or to narrate this desiring to their linguistic shape; this ebook fills that hole, connecting different strains of analysis on conditionals. Ippolito’s inspiration may be of curiosity either to linguists and to philosophers focused on conditionals and modality extra generally.
Ippolito reports past analyses of counterfactuals and subjunctive conditionals within the paintings of David Lewis, Robert Stalnaker, Angelika Kratzer, and others; considers the distinction among destiny uncomplicated previous subjunctive conditionals and destiny earlier ideal subjunctive conditionals; provides a suggestion for subjunctive conditionals that addresses puzzles left unsolved by means of earlier proposals; stories a few presupposition triggers exhibiting that they healthy the trend expected via her thought; and discusses an asymmetry among the previous and the long run between subjunctive conditionals, arguing that the easiest account of our linguistic intuitions needs to comprise an indeterministic view of the area.
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Extra info for Subjunctive Conditionals: A Linguistic Analysis
3 Ogihara’s Proposal Ogihara’s (2002) proposal is concerned with explaining the properties of past perfect future counterfactuals within the framework of formal semantics. Ogihara’s example is given in (14). The relevant scenario is one in which tomorrow is Mary’s birthday but John, who is her boyfriend, mistakenly gave her flowers yesterday, thus making her very upset. The intended reading of (14) is one where John’s giving flowers to Mary tomorrow happens not in addition to but instead of his giving her flowers yesterday (as we will see, Ogihara’s proposal forces this aspect of the interpretation by making it explicit in the logical form of the antecedent proposition).
If that run had lasted any longer, he would have run out of breath. Take (38b). If the essentialist view of events is true, then there are no worlds where the particular run in the actual world referred to by the indexical noun phrase that run has any properties other than the ones it has in the actual world. Therefore, the counterfactual in (38b) (and every other counterfactual of this type) would be predicted to be vacuously true (or false). But we can easily imagine situations where (38b) is true.
A similar pattern emerges with other presupposition triggers. For example, consider (50) (from Ippolito 2003). (50) Lucy was a heavy smoker but she quit smoking ten years ago, after she had pneumonia. A new law was passed last week that says that if you quit smoking from now on, you have to undergo a new medical test which is quite painful, even if very useful for detecting lung problems in ex-smokers. Thinking about Lucy, I say: a. #Good for her! If she quit smoking tomorrow, she would have to take the new painful test.