Download Standing in the Gap: Army Outposts, Picket Stations, and the by Loyd Uglow PDF

By Loyd Uglow

After the Civil struggle, the USA military confronted an enormous problem at the Texas frontier. army gurus needed to conquer significant stumbling blocks in mobility and communications, and so they needed to study a miles diverse form of battle to defeat the Kiowa, Apache, and Comanche Indians.

Large army posts were tested intimately in different books written concerning the Texas frontier, however the value of smaller outposts and wooden stations has been usually ignored. In Standing within the Gap, Loyd M. Uglow examines those smaller outposts relating to the bigger forts that managed them and explores their importance in army method and the pacification of the frontier. The army’s position within the cost of West Texas has been, before, defined via biographies of famous officials and histories of either Indian campaigns and the bigger forts. With basically passing point out of outposts reminiscent of Grierson’s Spring, Van Horn’s Wells, and Pecos Station in those texts, the tales of wood posts have long gone, for the main half, untold.

Relying on resources akin to archival files of the commanding forts, newspapers, and letters and journals, Uglow describes the explanations for developing and deactivating nearly seventy outposts, in addition to detailing their features, contributions, accomplishments, population, and total value in populating the frontier.

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Extra resources for Standing in the Gap: Army Outposts, Picket Stations, and the Pacification of the Texas Frontier, 1866-1886

Example text

In close connection with the elements of mobility, supply, and communications, the army had to incorporate a plan involving the use of its military posts. Military leaders faced several questions in addressing that issue, including the most effective size for posts, best utilization of the garrison at each post, and the fundamental role that those posts were to fulfill in the overall strategy for protecting and pacifying the frontier. Officers had to consider the nature of the threat as well as the limitations on their own resources in making their decisions.

Forts where forage was in short supply and could not be bought from contractors occasionally stationed a detachment in a grassy area to cut hay and haul it to the fort on a continual basis. Such a hay camp usually provided much harder work for its men than the troops at the main post experienced. 39 Major forts in Texas from 1868 to 1886 usually had garrisons ranging from two to five companies— approximately 100 to 300 men. One company normally manned a regular subpost, and a detachment of two to fifteen men held a picket station in most cases.

36 The army intended its Texas forts to serve as bases for mobile operations rather than fortresses, so very few had defensive works such as palisade walls. On the very rare occasion when Indians did strike, they seemed more interested in capturing government animals than in destroying the garrison. In close connection with the elements of mobility, supply, and communications, the army had to incorporate a plan involving the use of its military posts. Military leaders faced several questions in addressing that issue, including the most effective size for posts, best utilization of the garrison at each post, and the fundamental role that those posts were to fulfill in the overall strategy for protecting and pacifying the frontier.

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