By Anne Labouret
Provides an in depth account of the actual phenomena in addition to the on hand expertise and expertise presently in development-A expert handbook on photovoltaic power for designers, installers and executives Contents: what's sun photovoltaic strength? The elements of a PV generator. The function of PV in sustainable improvement? gentle in all its varieties. Terrestrial sun radiation. Photovoltaic conversion. The functionality of the PV junction. Crystalline silicon cells and modules. Thin-film silicon cells and modules. CdTe modules. CIS and CIGS modules. unique modules. Grid-connected PV structures: feed-in rules and price lists. elements for grid-connected structures. Grid-connected structures - sizing of built-in roofs. PV generator on a terrace roof or in open nation. usual 12.6 kW process in several international locations. Grid corporation rules. expense research. Examples of put in structures. parts of a standalone structures. home equipment for standalone structures. Standalone functions in built nations. Standalone purposes in scorching nations. layout of a standalone PV procedure. Case stories.
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Additional info for Solar Photovoltaic Energy
May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. 16 ‘Ideal’ daily total irradiance (fine day without cloud model) by season and latitude This has direct consequences on the design of stand-alone PV systems. In lowlatitude countries (between 15 S and 15 N), daily irradiance is relatively constant, and the electric output of a PV generator varies little throughout the year. On the other hand, when the summer/winter contrast is increased at higher latitudes, sizing has to be carried out with regard to the lowest irradiance of the year, and excess energy produced during the sunny season must be carefully managed.
02_Solar_Chapter02_p019-052 1 November 2010; 14:27:56 Light energy and photovoltaic conversion 35 An even more economical solution for the installer is a simple solarimeter with a small crystalline silicon cell, which is 95% accurate. Their spectral response is narrower than that of a thermopile – only from 400 to 1100 nm – but by definition similar to that of silicon modules. Some solar panel manufacturers wrongly refer to these silicon cell solar radiation sensors as ‘silicon pyranometers’. 2 Meteorological databases By using the instruments described in the previous section in different positions and orientations, meteorological observation stations can compile solar radiation statistics from billions of data collected.
6). When associated with the narrow bandwidth filters, these sources become practically monochromatic. 2 Colour temperature By comparing the continuous spectrum emitted by a thermal source to that of a ‘blackbody’, an ideal object whose emission depends only on temperature, each thermal source can be assigned a colour temperature value, expressed in Kelvin, which defines the spectral distribution of this source. This temperature value describes the apparent colour of the light source, which varies from the orange red of a candle flame (1800 K) to the bluish white of an electronic flash (between 5000 and 6500 K, depending on the manufacturer).