Download Solar Energy by Gerard M Crawley (ed.) PDF

By Gerard M Crawley (ed.)

Matters approximately strength assets and the environmental effect of strength use will stay vital globally. international Scientific's distinctive sequence of books on present power matters is meant, partly, as a selection and replace of the cloth inside the international clinical instruction manual of strength. each one quantity will specialize in comparable strength assets or matters and should comprise a broader variety of issues with extra explanatory textual content. This solar power quantity covers a number of methods to using solar power. those contain huge scale photovoltaic creation of electrical energy in addition to extra neighborhood functions in the house and companies. equally, there's an in depth dialogue of huge scale sun thermal electrical energy construction and smaller scale makes use of equivalent to sun water heating, domestic heating and cooling plus crop drying. there's additionally dialogue of extra forward-looking applied sciences together with the construction of fuels utilizing man made photosynthesis and the construction of biomass.

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Sample text

Since prehistoric times. 39 Butti and Perlin40 describe that history, beginning with ancient classical Greek and Roman over-consumption of biomass and including the passive solar dwelling and city design. In the case of the Roman Empire, the architect Vitruvius recommended different passive solar building designs for different latitudes, outlining principles that are still applied today. Solar access rights for buildings were included in the Justinian Code of law in the sixth century AD. Both ancient Greek and Chinese cultures developed concentrating solar reflectors to generate high temperature ignition for religious, civil and military purposes.

Even more simply, passive forms rely on prevailing wind to blow air across ponds. It is the technology that supports the cooling towers prevalent in commercial/industrial air conditioning and industrial cooling and in fossil fueled and nuclear generation of electricity so it may be seen that evaporative cooling makes a huge contribution to human energy services but is generally excluded from renewable energy statistics. The state of the art of evaporative cooling is described in Chapter 8 of this volume.

Economic introduction of solar energy to existing energy distribution systems needs to conform to existing infrastructure that was built around competing energy sources. For example, the optimal location of large extra-urban solar power stations requires access to existing electricity grid infrastructure with capacity to accept the solar supply, collocated with available, un-conflicted and low-cost land and high solar radiation. Finally, there is a large array of solar energy conversion technologies, some simple and some technically complex, that, while together competing with established fossil and nuclear energy, also compete with each other.

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