By Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
This quantity of recent paintings explores the kinds and capabilities of serial verbs. The advent units out the cross-linguistic parameters of edition, and the ultimate bankruptcy attracts out a collection of conclusions. those body fourteen explorations of serial verb structures and related constructions in languages from Asia, Africa, North, crucial and South the USA, and the Pacific. Chapters on recognized languages resembling Cantonese and Thai are set along the languages of small hunter-gatherer and slash-and-burn agriculturalist teams. A serial verb development (sometimes simply referred to as serial verb) is a chain of verbs which acts jointly as one. every one describes what might be conceptualized as a unmarried occasion. they're monoclausal; their intonational houses are these of a monoverbal clause; they typically have only one annoying, point, temper, and polarity price; and they're an incredible software in cognitive packaging of occasions. Serial verb buildings are a pervasive function of keeping apart languages of Asia and West Africa, and also are present in the languages of the Pacific, South, crucial and North the United States, so much of them endangered.Serial verbs were a subject matter of curiosity between linguists for it slow. This extraordinary e-book is the 1st to check the phenomenon throughout languages of other typological and genetic profiles. The authors, all skilled linguistic fieldworkers, stick to a unified typological strategy and keep away from formalisms. The publication will curiosity scholars, at graduate point and above, of syntax, typology, language universals, details constitution, and language touch. in departments of linguistics and anthroplogy.
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Extra info for Serial Verb Constructions: A Cross-Linguistic Typology (Explorations in Linguistic Typology)
SVCs with shared subjects are the major type of SVCs in any language. If a language has SVCs, it is to be expected that in most types the subjects of the components will be the same. g. event-argument constructions: see Table 1) are even more rare cross-linguistically and rather peripheral in individual languages. Subject sharing can thus be considered a feature of prototypical SVCs. Table 1 summarizes the properties of SVCs with non-identical subjects. These will now be discussed one at a time.
1 of Chapter 10). ‘Concurrent’ SVCs fall into as many semantic subclasses as do ‘minor’ verbs which take part in them. Certain types of asymmetrical SVCs may not be synchronically attested in a language: in Toqabaqita (Chapter 12), erstwhile directional minor verbs in SVCs have grammaticalized into directional markers. We return to this in §6. 3. semantics of symmetrical serial verb constructions The semantic relationships between the components of symmetrical serial verb constructions are as discussed below.
Dog catch+hab chicken he+neg+kill+hab it ‘The dog catches a chicken and does not kill it’ Just occasionally, a negator may behave diVerently. In Barai (Papuan) the negator ba negates the entire SVC. The other, naebe, negates the whole SVC, if it is contiguous, as in (21). It can negate components of a noncontiguous SVC separately, as in (22) and (23). Barai (Foley and Olson 1985: 40) (21) fu fase [naebe W isoe] sit write he letter neg ‘He did not sit and write a letter’ (22) fu [naebe W] fase isoe he neg sit letter write ‘He did not sit down, but did write a letter’ 10 Alexandra Y.