By Nikolaus P. Himmelmann, Eva F. Schultze-Berndt
This is often the 1st ebook to technique depictive secondary predication - a scorching subject in syntax and semantics examine - from a crosslinguistic viewpoint. It maps out the entire suitable phenomena and brings jointly severe surveys and new contributions on their morphosyntactic and semantic houses.
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This is often the 1st e-book to process depictive secondary predication - a scorching subject in syntax and semantics learn - from a crosslinguistic point of view. It maps out the entire proper phenomena and brings jointly serious surveys and new contributions on their morphosyntactic and semantic houses.
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Extra resources for Secondary Predication and Adverbial Modification: The Typology of Depictives
This link pertains to the fact that the way in which the subject is engaged in the activity denoted by the main predicate suggests something about its bodily or psychological condition which in turn suggests that activity and bodily or psychological condition are inherently linked in some way. The precise nature of the factual link varies. Two possibilities mentioned by Geuder are causal consequence and motive. In (11b), the link appears to consist in a causal consequence: John becomes angry because of reading the review.
Circumstantials are often illustrated with single adjectives, usually also in initial position but occasionally also in other positions. But this difference with regard to standard examples is purely superﬁcial. Weak free adjuncts may also simply consist of a single adjective; they may also occur after the superordinate clause and sometimes even immediately after the subject of the superordinate clause (Stump 1985: 6). As far as prosody is concerned, note that the fact that both strong and weak free adjuncts are generally separated with a comma from the superordinate N.
I can’t work hungry. The other two subtypes of circumstantial secondary predicate recognized by Nichols are temporal (As a child he lived in Paris or I knew him young) and concessive (Even dead I won’t forget). 5 At ﬁrst sight, the distinction between circumstantial and depictive secondary predicates appears to be primarily a semantic one, pertaining to the logical relation between main and secondary predicate. In the case of depictives (He bought the carrots fresh, They left outraged), the logical relation between main and secondary predicate is exclusively one of temporal overlap: the state referred to by the depictive holds true at the same time as the event expressed by the main predicate (and it may have held true before that point in time and keep on holding true after it).