Download Second Temple Studies III: Studies in Politics, Class and by Philip R. Davies, John M. Halligan PDF

By Philip R. Davies, John M. Halligan

This quantity has a scientific method of the Persian, Ptolemaic, Seleucid and Hasmonean interval, correlating social contexts with the biblical and post-biblical literature that every interval generated. The checklist of members comprises a few of the pioneers of the sphere of moment Temple sociology, reminiscent of Kenneth Hoglund, John Wright, Lester Grabbe, Richard Horsley, James Pasto, Robert Doran and the editors. The e-book, which additionally contains an introductory essay at the equipment and results of this type of workout, acts as an advent to the time table of analyzing biblical texts as social items.

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Example text

11 Yet the socially defining role of the gate has changed. The Benjamin Gate does not serve as an urban boundary to identify those within as members of the society. It is a commercial institution, conveniently located for social surveillance. Yahweh assigns Jeremiah to the Benjamin Gate, 'in which the kings of Judah enter and leave', to deliver a message reminiscent of Nehemiah: to limit economic activity on the sabbath. A sentry apprehends Jeremiah in the Benjamin Gate as Jeremiah attempts to leave the city, 11.

The head of the citizens, the elders may enter the outer court only with the prince within their midst. 1-2). Further, the east gate, the exclusive place for the prince, embodies his power as the representative of the divinity. 2-3). Without his presence, priestly and divine power remain isolated within the inner courts. In tandem with priests, the prince exercises power over the city. The gate system in neo-Babylonian Judean understanding creates a new city. A four-tiered society emerges, in contrast to the two-tiered society of the Iron Age II city.

Analyses of Israelite cities have dealt largely with Iron Age II and Hellenistic-Roman urban configurations. Evidence from the Achaemenid period has largely been subsumed into earlier and later periods to help 'fill out' otherwise incomplete models. As a result, the Israelite city has been largely viewed as static, unchanged until the 'importation' of the 'foreign' form of thepolis in the Hellenistic age. e. Jerusalem). In this essay I will attempt to make a place for the configuration of the Judean city in the Achaemenid period through a social analysis of three urban spaces: the entrance of the gate; the gate; and the city square.

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