Download Science of Coercion: Communication Research and by Christopher Simpson PDF

By Christopher Simpson

Science of Coercion offers the 1st thorough exam of the function of the CIA, the Pentagon, and different U.S. defense organisations within the evolution of contemporary communique learn, a box within the social sciences which crystallized right into a precise self-discipline within the early Fifties. Government-funded mental war courses underwrote the educational triumph of preconceptions approximately communique that persist this present day in conversation stories, ads learn, and in counterinsurgency operations. Christopher Simpson contends that it truly is not going that verbal exchange examine can have emerged into its current shape with no standard transfusions of cash from U.S army, intelligence, and propaganda corporations through the chilly struggle. those businesses observed mass verbal exchange as an tool for persuading or dominating certain teams within the usa and out of the country; as a device for bettering army operations; and maybe so much essentially, as a method to increase the U.S. impact extra largely than ever sooner than at a comparatively modest expense. communique learn, in flip, grew to become for a time the popular procedure for checking out and constructing such options. Science of Coercion makes use of long-classified files to probe the contributions made through trendy mass communique researchers resembling Wilbur Schramm, Ithiel de Sola Pool, and others, then info the influence of mental struggle tasks on largely held preconceptions approximately social technology and the character of verbal exchange itself. a desirable case learn within the historical past of technological know-how and the sociology of data, Science of Coercion deals useful insights into the dynamics of ideology and the social psychology of conversation.

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Extra resources for Science of Coercion: Communication Research and Psychological Warfare, 1945-1960

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Occupation zone of Germany and Austria. In his POQ article, Speier argued that the United States had permitted its psychological warfare weapons to "fall into desuetude" since 1945 and should now refurbish them. Specialists in the field had never received the support within the government that they deserved, he contended, in large part because their previous efforts had been put together on an ad hoc basis after World War II had already begun. S. clandestine subversion campaigns against the Soviet Union and rebel nationalist groups in developing countries should be extended and escalated.

Clandestine subversion campaigns against the Soviet Union and rebel nationalist groups in developing countries should be extended and escalated. S. government should prepare immediately to "impos[e] martial law [in the United States] to guard against defeatism, demoralization and disorder," if that proved necessary. More urgent in Speier's mind, however, was activation of a strong "offensive" program designed to overthrow rival regimes. "Subversion [is the] aim of strategic propaganda," Speier wrote.

Government . . S. "17 Importantly, NSC 4 was classified as confidential, the lowest category of government secret. Tens of thousands of government employees are permitted access to confidential information, and the existence and nature of confidential policies can be publicly discussed with members of the press, although it is illegal to pass a confidential document to a person without a security clearance. As a practical matter, this meant that word of this confidential action would likely be publicized in the news media as an NSC "secret decision" within days, perhaps within hours.

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