By Marie-Hélène Rousseau
St Paul's Cathedral stood on the centre of spiritual existence in medieval London. It was once the mummy church of the diocese, a crucial landowner within the capital and surrounding nation-state, and a theatre for the enactment of occasions of nationwide significance. The cathedral used to be additionally a powerhouse of commemoration and intercession, the place prayers and requiem plenty have been provided on a huge scale for the salvation of the dwelling and the lifeless. This religious function of St Paul's Cathedral was once performed primarily through the varied chantry monks operating and residing in its precinct. Chantries have been pious foundations, wherein donors, clerks or lay, male or lady, endowed monks to have a good time intercessory plenty for the advantage of their souls. At St Paul's Cathedral, they have been first confirmed within the overdue 12th century; and, until eventually they have been dissolved in 1548, they contributed significantly to the way of life of the cathedral: they more advantageous the liturgical providers provided by means of the cathedral, elevated the variety of the clerical participants linked to it, and intensified family among the cathedral and town of London. utilizing the big physique of fabric from the cathedral records, this e-book investigates the chantries and their affects at the lifestyles, prone and clerical group of the cathedral, from their origin within the early 13th century to the dissolution. It demonstrates the pliability and suppleness of those pious foundations and a number of the contributions they made to medieval society; and sheds gentle at the males who performed a job which, until eventually the abolition of the chantries in 1548, used to be noticeable to be an important to the religious health of medieval London.
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Additional info for Saving the Souls of Medieval London: Perpetual Chantries at St. Paul's Cathedral, C.1200-1548
88 GL Ms 25504, fols 93–3v. 89 GL Ms 25504, fol. 127v. 90 GL Ms 25502, fols 100–101; Ms 25121/1954. 91 Keene, ‘From Conquest to Capital’, p. 24. 92 Kitching, p. xxx. 93 See Chapter 6, pp. 160–64. 96 Consolidating an endowment could entail the amalgamation of different sources of revenues. 104 GL Ms 25501, fols 42–43. GL Ms 25152. L. Storey, Thomas Langley and the Bishopric of Durham, 1406–1437 (London, 94 95 1961), p. 5. 97 GL Ms 25145. 98 BRUO, vol. 3, pp. 2014–15. 1370. 99 The purpose of the donation remains unknown, for no documentation survives relating to Navesby’s bequest.
17 Two requirements were introduced in the fifteenth century regarding the selection of chaplains. 21 Not surprisingly, these founders had direct links with universities and/or the world of learning. Walter Sherrington’s foundation also included a library, and his two chaplains were required to act as librarians, although Sherrington was not a graduate. 23 Records 13 Peter Marshall, The Catholic Priesthood and the English Reformation (Oxford, 1994), pp. 51–2. , p. 52. 15 GL Ms 25121/741; Ms 25501, fol.
130–31. J. Godfrey, ‘Pluralists in the Province of Canterbury in 1366’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 11 (1960), pp. 23–40. 30 Brooke, ‘The Earliest Times’, p. 75. 31 Since the requirements for occupying a chantry position at St Paul’s were largely unspecific, many priests would have been able to meet the requirements. So how were the chantry chaplains actually chosen? Ties of friendship and family connections may have played an important role at the time of selecting chaplains, although few examples specifically refer to family members.