By Almer N Blazer, Alton R Pruit
Until eventually the booklet of this quantity, Santana, one of the such a lot excellent of all Apache chiefs, has been almost unknown in recorded historical past. identified in his early years because the such a lot crafty and harsh of the Mescalero leaders waging struggle opposed to the Anglo invaders, it truly is ironic that Santana's such a lot awesome contribution on the topic of making peace instead of struggle. Anonymity is usually the destiny of peacemakers. Santana understood within the 1860s, previous to so much of his contemporaries, that the possible final results of persisted fight with the white guy was once the annihilation of his humans. spotting that he will be one of the first to die as punishment for his warlike habit, he disappeared into the mountains for eight years, until eventually the warmth was once off and the Army's recognition was once considering a brand new iteration of struggle chiefs. After his reappearance, he led his fans into peace to avoid their annihilation as a humans and negotiated for them a reservation of their conventional place of origin within the Sacramento mountains of south-central New Mexico.
Santana wanted a chum from whom he may possibly know about the methods of the white global and who could intercede for him with the alien tradition. He chanced on that good friend in J. H. Blazer, who operated a mill, l. a. Manquina, later to develop into often called Blazer's Mill, at the Rio Tularoso at a website one-half mile downstream from the present-day Mescalero organisation. After their tension-fraught preliminary assembly in overdue 1867 or early 1868, the 2 males realized to love and appreciate each other and built an abiding friendship that lasted till Santana's loss of life from pneumonia within the wintry weather of 1877. The manuscript itself comprises either bills of J.H. Blazer's interactions with Santana and outlines of sure points of Mescalero existence and tradition provided from the adventure of the writer, A.N. Blazer, son of J.H., and from tales advised him by way of his Mescalero associates, a few of whom have been contemporaries of Santana.
this isn't a tutorial heritage. Any reader waiting for such an account may be disenchanted. some of the occasions and conversations comparable herein can't be tested simply because they arrive from the thoughts of people that had no written language (and who, it may be famous, had much better stories as a result). what's provided here's a very cogent account, verifiable in lots of very important details, of a outstanding guy and sure features of the Mescalero tradition which spawned and formed him.
Santana was once a striking guy for any age or time. spotting his personal obstacles in facing an Anglo juggernaut bent on overwhelming and destroying his tradition and his humans, he was once in a position to step outdoor his cultural history of warfare and conquest and use his extraordinary abilities as a tactician, negotiator and chief to discover how to safeguard either with no less than bloodshed. during this age of more and more violent cultural and spiritual conflicts in lots of elements of the realm, absolutely his tale merits colossal popularity.
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Extra info for Santana: War Chief of the Mescalero Apache
24 Then in June 1862, following the evacuation of New Mexico Territory by the Confederates, the famous California Column, made up of California adventurers, including some of the “forty-niners,” arrived on the scene. The leader of the column was the newly commissioned Brigadier General James H. Carleton. . are to be killed whenever and wherever you find them. 26 The upshot of this was the development of a pincers movement in early September 1862 under the commands of Colonel Joseph West, commanding the District of Arizona, and Colonel Christopher “Kit” Carson.
Blazer’s son, Paul A. Blazer. Although no bill of sale was found among the Blazer papers, a letter from Almer N. Blazer’s friend William R. Leigh, the western artist and author, written in 1953 to Paul A. ”1 It was not published at that time but languished for many years among the Blazer papers until we resurrected it and began our present effort to shepherd it into print. When Paul A. Blazer died in 1966, ownership went to his sons, Paul A. , and Arthur D. Blazer. Three generations of the Blazer family have preserved the manuscript, not as a curiosity but as a work of historical value they were certain would be recognized sooner or later.
Thompson, Professor of History, Laredo State University, Laredo, Texas, who very carefully read each of the new sections, the Blazer biographies and the introduction, corrected and amended the format, and peppered the whole with many valuable and much appreciated suggestions. It was my good fortune to correspond with Dr. C. L. Sonnichsen before his death and to continue that correspondence with Mrs. Carol Sonnichsen afterward. Both were most gracious in helping with some missing aspects of the Blazer family history.