By A., ED. MICHELL
The purpose of this publication is to motivate veterinarians, at no matter what level in their occupation or education, to take a deeper, extra perceptive curiosity in renal disorder. It seeks to supply an creation to the features of maximum basic and scientific curiosity and to provide entry to extra exact reports within the literature. It additionally goals to attract the eye of human nephrologists to the experimental' animals which reside in approximately each loved ones and the wealth of insights which they give throughout the similarities and transformations in their encounters with renal affliction.
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Additional resources for Renal Disease in Dogs and Cats: Comparative and Clinical Aspects
Bacterial culture is only considered signiﬁcant if there is heavy growth of a single isolate. The diagnostic value of bacterial culture may be increased if the sample is obtained by surgical or endoscopic biopsy. Fungal culture should ideally be carried out on samples collected by direct visualization from fungal colonies. Sabaroud’s dextrose agar with antibacterials should be used as the culture media. A positive fungal culture in a symptomatic dog should be considered positive unless collected with poor asep- 26 PART ONE — Approach to Problems in Respiratory Medicine tic technique.
Transmission occurs by direct contact with infected animals or fomites, or by aerosol transmission. Aerosol transmission only occurs over relatively short distances. 50-54 FHV-1 survives 18 to 24 hours outside the body and is shed intermittently, often during periods of stress. Shedding may be associated with mild clinical signs and may last a couple of weeks. The incubation period for the virus is 3 to 5 days. Affected cats are often pyrexic and anorexic. FHV-1 has a particular afﬁnity for sites of osteogenesis, resulting in necrosis and destruction of the nasal conchae.
History and Physical Examination The patient’s signalment may be helpful in prioritizing differential diagnoses. For example, von Willebrand’s disease (vWD) should be a top differential diagnosis in a young Doberman pinscher with epistaxis (and possibly other surface bleeding) as its only clinical sign. Neoplasia is more likely to occur in older animals, whereas an inﬂammatory lesion or nasal foreign body may be more common in younger animals. A complete history and physical examination are essential in helping to determine if the epistaxis is due to a local or systemic disorder.