By Robert Garland
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Extra info for Religious Authority in Archaic and Classical Athens
Remains of ancient walls in the south-east angle of the Pelasgian circuit some 35 m south-east of the precinct of Zeus Polieus, which were previously assigned to the workshop of Pheidias, have been tentatively identified by Stevens as the sanctuary of Pandion: (194o), fig. 66; (1946), pp. 22-5 with fig. 22. The fact that the shrine of Pandion was situated on the Acropolis is, as Schlaifer, p. 256, notes, 'a sure indication of a pre-Cleisthenic gentile cult'. On the evidence of the three known priests of the tribe of Pandionis (who span the period from 386 to I55), there is some 63 The name 'Erechtheion' occurs in ancient sources only twice (Paus.
I 8 n. 2. For the Apatouria, see Parke, FA, pp. 88-90 and Deubner, pp. 232-4- Sanctuaries. The temple of Zeus Phratriosand Athene Phratria forms an architectural unit in combination with the much larger temple of Apollo Patroos on the western side of the agora between the stoa of Zeus Eleutheriosand the Metroon (Paus. i. 3. 4). It was built sometime after the middle of the fourth century (Travlos, p. 96 with figs. 125-9). In addition to the temple in the agora, there was also an altar of Zeus Phratriosand Athene Phratriasituated at the intersection between Odhoi Vissis and Verea, alongside an ancient road which led to the Acharnian Gate on the north-east side of the city (Travlos, p.
Hence, when Eupolis called Lampon an exegetes(fr. 297 Kock) in TheGoldenRace,which was performedin 424, it is by no means safe to assume that he was the holder of a regular Athenian office. The duties of the exegetaiare defined byJacoby as follows: 'interpreterswho in dubious cases . . 'Their sphere of expert opinion probably included such matters as the correct procedure for making sacrificesand, perhaps chiefly, the rules of purification to be adopted in cases of homicide. They expounded at the request of private individuals; whether they also expounded by order of the demos is disputed, the fourth-century evidence for their existence consisting wholly of private inquiries.