Download Religion, Social Practice, and Contested Hegemonies: by Armando Salvatore PDF

By Armando Salvatore

This choice of essays examines how smooth public spheres mirror and masks - usually either concurrently - discourses of order, contests for hegemony, and strategies of energy within the Muslim global. It builds on scholarship that re-imagines theories and practices of the general public in sleek and modern societies. whereas analyzing disparate time classes and destinations, each one contributor perspectives glossy and modern public spheres as an important to the functioning, and realizing, of political and societal energy in Muslim majority nations.

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Extra info for Religion, Social Practice, and Contested Hegemonies: Reconstructing the Public Sphere in Muslim Majority Societies

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Social processes and the underlying conflicts (based especially on class and gender cleavages), however, produce and reproduce social power and related hegemonic forms, thereby influencing the extent of success or failure of attempts to adapt or transform traditions. The most dynamic core of a tradition resides, however, not in codified procedures or established institutions, but rather in the anthropologically and sociologically more complex level of the “living tradition,” which overlaps more institutionally grounded levels yet is nurtured by social practice.

It is through this initial micro-link, which often takes the form of moral admonition and brotherly correction, that the umma is bound together and grows. 1 Focusing on tradition so defined helps highlighting the link between grassroots practice and the dimensions of governance and stratification that create and reproduce authority, placing it in the hands of “custodians” of the tradition. However, seeing a set of practices as part of a tradition makes authority contestable and contested through shifting socio-political configurations of state power, class, and gender, as well as through intergenerational change.

German thinkers provided nonetheless a significant background to the two authors we refer to here, Gramsci, who built on Marx while coping with the Hegelianism of Croce (who also helped him to relate to Vico’s notion of sensus communis) and Foucault, who inherited both Nietzsche’s genealogical approach and an original Kantian reading of the idea of revolution. From Common Sense to Political Spirituality: Gramsci and Foucault Gramsci’s Approach to Alternative Hegemonies Like several South-Italian scholars who followed in his footsteps, the great 20th-century Marxist theoretician Antonio Gramsci was motivated by a mixture of respect and aversion toward religion.

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