By James John Jurinski
From the the world over popular Scopes "Monkey Trial" of 1925, which pitted a public college instructor arrested for instructing evolution opposed to the country of Tennessee, faith on Trial chronicles key complaints that experience formed the tumultuous courting among church and kingdom all through U.S. history.This quantity chronicles such groundbreaking circumstances because the 1991 selection ordering blood transfusions for kids of Christian Scientists in Norwood sanatorium v. Munoz and the notorious case, Engel v. Vitale, that banned prayer in faculties and ignited demands leader Justice Earl Warren's impeachment. The paintings addresses such inflammatory modern disputes as prayer in colleges, allegiance to the flag, and the show of spiritual symbols on public estate, and the impression they've got had on American society.
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Additional info for Religion on Trial: A Handbook with Cases, Laws, and Documents (On Trial)
A Christian may want to wear a cross, and a Sikh may desire to wear a turban. There have been a number of cases over the years regarding whether schools or private companies can ban religious dress or jewelry. Some courts have held that employers have the right to insist that employees wear no jewelry and only authorized uniforms. Some courts have also held that schoolteachers cannot wear religious dress or jewelry in the classroom because it endorses a particular religion. What employees do on their own time is another matter.
Although a committee had selected a Roman Catholic as best-qualified for the post, several congressional leaders evidently thought a Catholic would not be good choice for the job and blocked his appointment. S. Constitution The Fourteenth Amendment, enacted in 1868 to protect legal rights of ex-slaves and other African Americans, also extended the reach of First Amendment rights of due process of law and equal protection before the law to the states. In the 1940s, court decisions held that the Fourteenth Amendment also extended other First Amendment protections, including the Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause to the states.
Under the Constitution, the courts can be called upon to exercise only judicial powers and to perform only judicial work. Judicial powers and judicial work involve the application and interpretation of the law in the decision of real differences; that is, in the language of the Constitution, the decision of cases and controversies. The courts cannot be called upon to make laws, which is the function of the legislative branch, or be expected to enforce and execute laws, which is the function of the executive branch.