By Alan Woods
The declarations of Hugo Chavez in favour of socialism have provoked a major debate in Venezuela and the world over. even though a few have concluded that the 'old' principles of Marxism are not any longer legitimate and that it is vital to invent a totally new and unique idea of Socialism of the twenty first century. This booklet is a respond to that view - expressed by means of Heinz Dieterich among others - and a defence of the basic principles of Marxism and medical socialism opposed to those revisionist arguements.
Philosophy and science
Dieterich and historic materialism
background and economics
define of Marxist economics
The economics of Socialism of the twenty first century
Socialism or Stalinism?
the way forward for the Cuban revolution
The Venezuelan revolution
Together with cause In rebel (also to be had from Wellred) this ebook is key interpreting for all those that desire to comprehend Marxism and its relevance to contemporary global.
Read Online or Download Reformism or Revolution: Marxism and Socialism of the 21st Century PDF
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Extra info for Reformism or Revolution: Marxism and Socialism of the 21st Century
But first we must ask a question. We know what conscience is, but what on earth is “pre-conscience”? If it means anything at all, it must mean an embryonic stage of consciousness, like the mental process of a newborn baby. A baby, as we know, is unable to think coherently and can only express itself in meaningless babble, which is all we have here. As we know, Heinz considers himself to be an expert interpreter, the only problem being that his interpretations are usually wrong, and this is no exception.
He defined “false consciousness” in contrast to an “imputed consciousness,” a juridical term meaning what people themselves would think if they were to have sufficient information and time to reflect, what they “ought to know,” so to speak. In his essay On Class Consciousness we read: “It might look as though […] we were denying consciousness any decisive role in the process of history. It is true that the conscious reflexes of the different stages of economic growth remain historical facts of great importance; it is true that while dialectical materialism is itself the product of this process, it does not deny that men perform their historical deeds themselves and that they do so consciously.
This convinces him that we are very mediocre people, since we lack the ability to recognize genius even when it stands revealed before us. In La disyuntiva de Cuba: Capitalismo o nuevo socialismo Dieterich states that ideology in general – that is, all ideology – is a “false consciousness”, and attributes this erroneous idea to Marx, who said exactly the opposite. If we accept this idea, we inevitably land up in a reactionary bourgeois position. In its youth, as we have seen, the bourgeoisie had a revolutionary ideology.