Download Red apple : communism and McCarthyism in cold war New York by Phillip Deery PDF

By Phillip Deery

Set opposed to a backdrop of mounting anti-communism, Red Apple records the non-public, actual, and psychological results of McCarthyism on six political activists with ties to manhattan City.

From the past due Nineteen Forties in the course of the Nineteen Fifties, McCarthyism disfigured the yank political panorama. below the altar of anticommunism, household chilly battle crusaders undermined civil liberties, curtailed equality prior to the legislations, and tarnished the beliefs of yank democracy. with the intention to protect freedom, they jettisoned a few of its tenets. Congressional committees labored in tandem, even if no longer inevitably in collusion, with the FBI, legislations enterprises, college administrations, publishing homes, tv networks, motion picture studios, and a legion of presidency enterprises on the federal, country, and native degrees to focus on "subversive" individuals.

Exploring the human effects of the common paranoia that gripped a state, purple Apple offers the foreign and household context for the studies of those individuals: the home Un-American actions Committee, hearings of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, leading to the incarceration of its chairman, Dr. Edward Barsky, and its govt board; the educational freedom circumstances of 2 long island college professors, Lyman Bradley and Edwin Burgum, culminating of their dismissal from the collage; the blacklisting of the communist author Howard speedy and his defection from American communism; the stopover at of an anguished Dimitri Shostakovich to manhattan within the spring of 1949; and the makes an attempt by means of O. John Rogge, the Committee's legal professional, to discover a "third approach" within the quest for peace, which led detractors to question which aspect he used to be on.

Examining real-life reports on the "ground level," Deery explores how those six members skilled, answered to, and suffered from one of the main savage attacks on civil liberties in American history. Their collective tales remove darkness from the non-public bills of retaining dissident political opinions within the face of intolerance and ethical panic that's as appropriate this present day because it was once seventy years in the past

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You think so at least. Do you know whether you have got these books or not? Mr. Bradley. May I consult my counsel? Mr. Rankin. Not on this question. . Now let us have [your] answer to this question “Yes” or “No” . . Mr. Bradley (reading). I have been served with a subpoena requiring me . . The Chairman (interposing). No. I tell you we don’t want you to read a statement. Have you got these books with you? . Mr. Bradley. Allow me to finish reading the statement. Mr. Adamson. It is the same one the previous witness had.

126 One improper matter was that Attorney General’s List of Subversive Organizations. S. Supreme Court. His lawyer prepared a detailed Petitioner’s Brief (which included the plea, “this petitioner has suffered more than enough”). On April 26, 1954—just three weeks before its historic school desegregation case127—the Supreme Court decided (6–3) on technical grounds not to interfere with the determinations of the Board of Regents. The dissenting opinions of Justices Hugo Black, William O. Douglas, and Felix Frankfurter make fascinating reading and, presumably, must have fortified Barsky.

48 In short, the FBI had got it wrong. Bryan, who died in 1976, never married. However, in the late 1930s she had an intimate relationship with Dr. Max Yergan, an African American communist, who initiated divorce proceedings against his wife, Susie, and planned to marry Bryan until persuaded otherwise by Earl Browder and other high-ranking communists. A countersuit by Susie Yergan, which named Bryan, was also prepared. At that point, according to a personal letter obtained by Susie, Bryan ended the relationship while professing her deep love for Yergan.

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