Download Poverty in the United States [2 volumes]: An Encyclopedia of by Gwendolyn Mink, Alice M. O'Connor PDF

By Gwendolyn Mink, Alice M. O'Connor

Poverty within the usa: An Encyclopedia of historical past, Politics, and Policy follows the heritage of poverty within the usa with an emphasis at the twentieth century, and examines the evolvement of public coverage and the impression of severe events in social welfare similar to the recent Deal, the conflict on Poverty, and, extra lately, the "end of welfare as we all know it." Encompassing the contributions of thousands of specialists, together with historians, sociologists, and political scientists, this source presents a wider point of data than past, hugely selective works.

With nearly three hundred alphabetically-organized themes, it covers themes and matters starting from affirmative motion to the Bracero application, the good melancholy, and residing salary campaigns to family abuse and unemployment. different entries describe and learn the definitions and reasons of poverty, the connection of the welfare nation to poverty, and the political responses through the bad, middle-class execs, and the coverage elite.

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This founding text of modern liberalism drew together Scottish Enlightenment strands of reasoning that endowed men with acquisitive instincts and imagined a modern world in which competition would remain the norm. The government it described would be restrained by laissezfaire, but through improvements such as roads and harbors and institutions such as the rule of law and widely accessible education, it would nevertheless provide the wherewithal for those lower down the social order to participate in accumulation.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lincoln, Abraham. [1858] 1953. ” In The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, vol. 3, ed. Roy P. Basler, 471–482. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. McCoy, Drew R. 1980. The Elusive Republic: Political Economy in Jeffersonian America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. McMath, Robert C. 1993. American Populism: A Social History, 1877–1898. New York: Hill and Wang. Montgomery, David. 1979. Workers’ Control in America: Studies in the History of Work, Technology, and Labor Struggles.

The people are demoralized; most of the States have been compelled to isolate the voters at the polling places to prevent universal intimidation and bribery. The newspapers are largely subsidized or muzzled, public opinion silenced, business prostrated, homes covered with mortgages, labor impoverished, and the land concentrating in the hands of the capitalists. The urban workmen are denied the right to organize for self-protection, imported pauperized labor beats down their wages, a hireling standing army, unrec- liberal principle most clearly outlined by John Locke, that humans were entitled to mingle their labor with nature and take possession of its fruits, this linkage of liberty and property expressed a broad consensus among nineteenthcentury Americans that labor created all value and that the preservation of political liberty would depend, if not upon a precise distributive equality, then at least upon a very wide dispersal of small holdings of property in the form of ognized by our laws, is established to shoot them down, and they are rapidly degenerating into European conditions.

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