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By L. Leustean

Explores the dynamics among Orthodoxy and politics in Romania, offering an obtainable narrative on church-state kin from the institution of the country in 1859 to the increase of Ceau?escu in 1965. The ebook argues that Romanian nationwide communism had an best friend in a robust Church, and analyzes spiritual international relations with actors within the West.

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Extra info for Orthodoxy and the Cold War: Religion and Political Power in Romania, 1947–65

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29 The government thus took advantage of the concept of symphonia and ensured that the church obeyed the political interests of the state. 30 On 10 May 1877, Prince Carol I addressed the Romanian clergy enlisting support for the government’s military efforts. In his speech he reinforced the idea that it was not only the Romanian government fighting against the Ottoman Empire but the whole nation, thereby connecting the church with the people: In the greatest days of Romania, the clergy was always with the nation, or, to put it better, was the nation itself.

It is the task of this study to examine this transformation. Conclusion The relationship between church and state in Orthodoxy is characterised by the concept of symphonia. With the emergence of nation-states in the Balkans, political leaders used the powerful force of religion in order to gain authority and legitimacy. Orthodoxy, as the traditional institution which fostered religious identity in the region, was incorporated by political leaders in their institutional designs. The spread of communism from the Soviet Union to Eastern Europe revealed a comparable pattern in which churches were employed for the regimes’ benefits.

After the fall of communism in 1989, the nationalist elements of this policy were reiterated in a new light as the church and the democratic regime continued to make strong references to the national past. The current religious revival has to take into account the complexity of Romanian nationalism which considers the church as a major political institution. During the first years of communism the Orthodoxy, Symphonia and Political Power 23 church showed the ways in which it could adapt to the new political regime.

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