Download On Conditionals by Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Alice Ter Meulen, Judy Snitzer PDF

By Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Alice Ter Meulen, Judy Snitzer Reilly, Charles A. Ferguson

On Conditionals offers the 1st significant cross-disciplinary account of conditional (if-then) buildings. Conditional sentences without delay mirror the language user's skill to cause approximately possible choices, uncertainties, and unrealised contingencies. An figuring out of the conceptual and behavioural employer inquisitive about the development and interpretation of those varieties of sentences as a result offers primary insights into the inferential suggestions and the cognitive and linguistic tactics of people. the current quantity brings jointly reports from numerous views - philosophical, linguistic and mental - and goals to emphasize the intrinsic connections among the problems to be addressed and to indicate to new instructions for interdisciplinary paintings.

Show description

Read Online or Download On Conditionals PDF

Similar semantics books

Particles at the Semantics Pragmatics in

The imperative target of this research is to explain the character of the semantics / pragmatics contrast in either synchrony and diachrony. the writer proposes a definition of semantics and pragmatics that's orthogonal to the query of truth-conditionality, and discusses the prestige of assorted kinds of that means with appreciate to this definition.

Secondary Predication and Adverbial Modification: The Typology of Depictives

This can be the 1st booklet to procedure depictive secondary predication - a scorching subject in syntax and semantics learn - from a crosslinguistic point of view. It maps out all of the proper phenomena and brings jointly severe surveys and new contributions on their morphosyntactic and semantic homes.

Language, Thought and Reality: Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf

The pioneering linguist Benjamin Whorf (1897--1941) grasped the courting among human language and human pondering: how language can form our innermost ideas. His uncomplicated thesis is that our belief of the realm and our methods of puzzling over it are deeply motivated through the constitution of the languages we converse.

Semantics: An International Handbook of Natural Language Meaning

This guide contains, in 3 volumes, an in-depth presentation of the state-of-the-art in linguistic semantics from a wide selection of views. It comprises 112 articles written through major students from all over the world. those articles current designated, but obtainable, introductions to key concerns, together with the research of particular semantic different types and structures, the background of semantic examine, theories and theoretical frameworks, technique, and relationships with similar fields; in addition, they offer professional counsel on themes of discussion in the box, at the strengths and weaknesses of current theories, and at the most probably instructions for the long run improvement of semantic study.

Extra resources for On Conditionals

Sample text

It predicts that whenever the Hypothetical Syllogism fails, there is a shift of background conditions involved. Example F: Jack and Jim's quarrel This is a famous example taken from Downing (1959), of a subjunctive conditional that has been argued to be both true and false. The situation is this. Jack and Jim are old friends, prone to helping one another under normal circumstances. Jim is very proud, and so would never ask help of anyone with whom he had recently quarrelled. Jack, on the other hand, is a very unforgiving person, and so wouldn't have helped anyone with whom he had recently quarrelled.

Law (19) is typically proved in circumstances where one is talking only about angles that are interior angles of acute triangles, and so smaller than 900. In the infamous proof (19) is applied to two angles which are, as it turns out, exactly 1800 apart, so they cannot both be interior angles of such triangles. What is deceptive is the way one strays out of the circumstances where (19) applies quite without knowing it. Anyone who has ever had to formalize mathematical proofs in first-order logic knows that this sort of context relativity pervades ordinary mathematical discourse.

However, because it exists in/, RH is formally provable in/ and hence formally provable in all worlds. 4 Since Virgil has not, in fact, proved FLT, his argument that it is true must be absurd. As Quine says, subjunctive conditionals (I would say all conditionals) express a relationship between the matters spoken of by the antecedent and by the consequent. Intuitively, the reason that (6) is true has to do with a relationship between the type of situations where Paul discovers a proof of a conjecture and the type of situations where his friend Virgil converts Paul's proof into a proof of something he knows to be equivalent to the conjecture.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.63 of 5 – based on 5 votes