By Cathrine Fabricius-Hansen, Claudia Maienborn, Ewald Lang
Not like the concept of argument that's critical to trendy linguistic theorizing, the phenomena which are normally subsumed below the complementary proposal adjunct to this point haven't attracted the eye they deserve. during this quantity, major specialists within the box current present ways to the grammar and pragmatics of adjuncts. between different issues, the contributions scrutinize the argument-adjunct contrast, specify stipulations of adjunct placement, talk about compositionality matters, and suggest new analyses of event-related amendment. they're intended to shed new mild on a space of linguistic constitution that's deemed to be notoriously neglected.
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Tübingen: Stauffenburg. 2001 On the position and interpretation of locative modifiers. Natural Language Semantics 9: 191-240. 2002 Die logische Form von Kopula-Sätzen. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, (in press) McCawley, James D. 1968 The role of semantics in a grammar. In Universals in Linguistic Theory, E. Bach and R. ), 124-169. New York: Holt, Rinharr & Winston. 1972 Syntactic and Logical Arguments for Semantic Structures. Indiana University Linguistic Club. Musan, Renate 2002 The German Perfect. Its Semantic Composition and its Interactions with Temporal Adverbials.
Take, once again, the adjunct Classes I-V as defined by their base positions on purely syntactic criteria. Unfortunately, the rigidity of this syntactic classification cannot be uniquely mapped onto an equally clear-cut inventory of modifier types, instead, we have to reckon on a variety of interpretations which (practically) each of the classes has access to. The six papers collected in Part D are devoted to exactly this issue. As for now, the conclusion thus reads: sticking to compositionality as a guiding principle, the best we might expect from the syntactic adjunct classes is the filtering effect they impose on the interpretations they may receive as modifiers, while leaving much space for further differentiations and subtleties yet to be discovered, in short: for the interpretational flexibility that has become the trademark of adjuncts.
The agent-phrase-marking preposition (by in English) or instrumental case marking is reanalyzed as a marker of grammatical function (without independent semantics), a so-called case-marking preposition and does not contribute any meaning per se to the compositional semantics of the sentence. e. one that yields the same 2-place lexical meaning as the active verb but with subject and non-subject arguments interchanged. 5. Passives of stative verbs, other non-causati ves, etc. now occur. The dual analysis of adjuncts/complements in Categorial Grammar 51 Before going on to the next section, we may note that our two case studies of adjunct reanalysis - directional PPs and full passives - differ in that the first involves replacing lexical items (verbs) one by one by their reanalyzed counterparts, whereas the second involves a reanalysis of the lexical rule for passives.