Download Missing Priests: The Zadokites in Tradition and History by Alice Hunt PDF

By Alice Hunt

Biblical students agree that priesthood(s) performed a severe function within the social, ancient, cultural, and non secular lives of the traditional Israelites. This examine seeks to elucidate the position of 1 such priesthood, the Zadokites. conventional scholarship assumes the dominance of a Zadokite priesthood from a united monarchy until eventually the time of the Hasmoneans. The thesisof this examine is that references to the "sons of Zadok" in historic texts mirror the sectarian nature of the second one Temple interval. the level to which smooth scholarship has magnified the Zadokites because the dominant priestly establishment from the monarchy into the second one Temple interval can't besubstantiated. relatively, the second one Temple interval serves because the terminus for all literary references to the Zadokites and gives a socio-historical context which permits for the advance of a believable reconstruction explaining their visual appeal within the historical texts. This entire learn of the Zadokites presents a examine of historiography that lines the expansion of scholarly notions in regards to the Zadokites. The research examines historiographic concerns regarding the advance of those conceptualizations. Literary research shows the position and standing of the Zadokites in to be had textual facts. A socio-historical reconstruction types the theoretical foundation and makes an attempt to reply to such questions corresponding to: Who positioned the Zadokites in those texts? Why have been the Zadokites integrated in those texts? The Zadokites can be positioned when it comes to the useless Sea Scrolls. The research presents a origin for stories of priesthood(s) in historical Israel.

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Extra resources for Missing Priests: The Zadokites in Tradition and History

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A "new" Aaronite priesthood took their place in Jerusalem in their absence so that, upon return from exile with a late group of returnees, the Zadokites were forced to affect a compromise with these Aaronites. 48 In his study on the origins of the synagogue, Kohler holds the dominant priesthood, the Zadokites, responsible for reforming inherited traditions after the demolition of the Northern Kingdom in an effort to rid the nation of idolatrous practices. As the only legitimate priests, the Zadokites were transformed into Aaronites during the restoration.

While some Zadokites were sent into exile, Noth suggests that others may have remained in Jerusalem and participated in the recovery process. 62 For Noth, it was during the Persian period that this Zadokite priesthood found it necessary to extend their point of origin beyond the beginning of the monarchy. 64 In his A History of Israel, Bright allows the question of Zadok's origin to remain open while acknowledging Zadok as David's priest. "65 He also claims that during this period, Presiding over the cult was the high priest, who was the spiritual head of the community and, progressively, its secular prince as well.

Similarly Frederick C. Forrester in First and Second Kings in Old Testament Commentary: A General Introduction to and a Commentary on the Books of the Old Testament (ed. Herbert C. Alleman and Elmer E. " 52. Julian Morgenstern, "A Chapter in the History of the High Priesthood," AJSL 55 (1938): 1-24,183-97,360-77; H. H. Rowley, "Zadok and Nehushtan," JBL 58 (1939): 113-41. Also see idem, The Growth of the Old Testament (London: Hutchinson University Library, 1950), and The Zadokite Fragments and the Dead Sea Scrolls (New York: Macmillan, 1952).

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