By Alice Hunt
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Extra resources for Missing Priests: The Zadokites in Tradition and History
A "new" Aaronite priesthood took their place in Jerusalem in their absence so that, upon return from exile with a late group of returnees, the Zadokites were forced to affect a compromise with these Aaronites. 48 In his study on the origins of the synagogue, Kohler holds the dominant priesthood, the Zadokites, responsible for reforming inherited traditions after the demolition of the Northern Kingdom in an effort to rid the nation of idolatrous practices. As the only legitimate priests, the Zadokites were transformed into Aaronites during the restoration.
While some Zadokites were sent into exile, Noth suggests that others may have remained in Jerusalem and participated in the recovery process. 62 For Noth, it was during the Persian period that this Zadokite priesthood found it necessary to extend their point of origin beyond the beginning of the monarchy. 64 In his A History of Israel, Bright allows the question of Zadok's origin to remain open while acknowledging Zadok as David's priest. "65 He also claims that during this period, Presiding over the cult was the high priest, who was the spiritual head of the community and, progressively, its secular prince as well.
Similarly Frederick C. Forrester in First and Second Kings in Old Testament Commentary: A General Introduction to and a Commentary on the Books of the Old Testament (ed. Herbert C. Alleman and Elmer E. " 52. Julian Morgenstern, "A Chapter in the History of the High Priesthood," AJSL 55 (1938): 1-24,183-97,360-77; H. H. Rowley, "Zadok and Nehushtan," JBL 58 (1939): 113-41. Also see idem, The Growth of the Old Testament (London: Hutchinson University Library, 1950), and The Zadokite Fragments and the Dead Sea Scrolls (New York: Macmillan, 1952).