By Jonathan D. Moreno
In his interesting new publication, Jonathan D. Moreno investigates the deeply intertwined worlds of state of the art mind technological know-how, U.S. safety organizations, and a unstable geopolitical panorama the place a nation's weaponry needs to move a long way past bombs and males. The first-ever exploration of the connections among nationwide safety and mind study, Mind Wars: mind study and nationwide Defense unearths what number questions crowd this grey intersection of technological know-how and executive and urges us to start to reply to them.
From neuropharmacology to neural imaging to brain-machine interface units that relay photos and sounds among human brains and machines, Moreno indicates how nationwide protection entities search to harness the human apprehensive process in a large number of the way as a effective weapon opposed to the enemy soldier. Moreno charts such initiatives as monkeys relocating robot hands with their minds, know-how to learn the brain’s idea styles at a distance, the advance of "anti-sleep" medications to augment soldiers’ conflict functionality and others to hose down their emotional reactions to the violence, and advances which can open the door to "neuroweapons"—virus-transported molecules to addle the brain.
"As new types of guns are further to the arsenal already on the disposal of fallible human leaders," Moreno writes, "we have to locate new how you can tackle the problem"--of the moral army program of so strong and intimate a technological know-how. This e-book is step one in confronting the quandaries inherent during this partnership of presidency and neuroscience, serves as a compelling take-heed call for scientists and voters, and means that, with mind's eye, we'd meet the desires of either defense and civil liberty. (20060530)
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Extra resources for Mind Wars: Brain Research and National Defense
Is it "cheating" to enhance the self through artificial means? Should we allow our personal identities to be medicalized and made the object of technological fixes? A deep and ongoing philosophical debate about enhancement technologies reaches back at least to Aldous Huxley's Brave New World, received impetus with the decoding of the DNA structure by Watson and Crick, and lies at the heart of the modern bioethics field. Now, think about these philosophical questions in the context of na tional security issues.
Honesty and deception (and even self-deception) can be measured, and this capability will per haps lead to brain-based lie detectors. Even thoughts about specific objects like cats and houses can be correlated with typical activation patterns. Though drugs for restoring brain functions lost due to disease have been around for a while, their risks and side effects are still debated. The risk profiles of these medications are gradually becoming better under stood, but, at the same time, other treatment approaches are emerging, such as magnetiC, vagus nerve, and deep brain stimulation.
Scientists at Downstate Medical Center in Brooklyn (where I once worked as a bioethics professor) implanted elec trodes in a rat's brain and ordered the rat to walk or climb through any path it was instructed to follow-navigating a maze, climbing ladders, go ing down ramps, climbing trees-through electrical impulses sent directly to certain brain centers. The roborat's operator used a laptop computer to control what would be better described as a living robot than a trained rat. This is how Dr.