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By Melanie N. Johansen

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Extra resources for Microalgae: Biotechnology, Microbiology and Energy

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Phaeodactylum tricornutum Schizochytrium sp. 2. Bioethanol Bioethanol is already well established as a fuel most notably in Brazil and US (Goldemberg, 2007). , 2002). S. cerevisiae is the universal organism for fuel ethanol production from glucose. Nevertheless, Z. , 2008). Starch processing is a mature industry, and commercial enzymes required for starch hydrolysis are currently an available low cost technology. , 1998), which Microalgae Biotechnological Applications 27 does not make this process appealing to the industry.

1995) reported that the oral supplementation of Spirulina fusiformis resulted in regression of subjects with homogenous leukolakia. , 1988). , 1998). Aphanizomenon flos-aquae extract containing a high concentration of phycocyanin inhibited the in vitro growth of one of four tumor cell lines tested, indicating the sensitivity of cell lines to the phycocyanin. , 1996). Curacin was isolated from the Curaso strain marine Cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula by Gerwick’s group in 1994. It is an important lead compound for a new type of anticancer drugs.

R. Miranda, A. P. Batista et al. the pre-treatment. C. Reinhardtii revealed to be the more efficient with a production of 587mL biogas/g volatile solids. , 2009). This technology could be very effective for situations like integrated wastewater treatment, where algae are grown under uncontrolled conditions using strains which are not optimized for lipid production. 4 are presented some companies which are directing research, pilot-scale and larger-scale facilities through the production of biofuels from algae.

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