Download Metonymy in language and thought by Klaus-Uwe Panther and Günter Radden (editors) PDF

By Klaus-Uwe Panther and Günter Radden (editors)

This article presents an account of metonymic examine. The contributions have assorted disciplinary and theoretical backgrounds in linguistics, psycholinguistics, psychology and literary experiences. despite the fact that, they proportion the idea that metonymy is a cognitive phenomenon, a "figure of thought", underlying a lot of our usual conceptualization which may be much more basic than metaphor. using metonymy in language is a mirrored image of this conceptual prestige. The framework during which metonymy is known during this quantity is that of scenes, frames, eventualities, domain names or idealized cognitive types.

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One can speak of the theoretical and the practical 'parts' of a driving test. As with things, an event as a whole may stand for one of its subevents and a subevent may stand for the whole event. {12) a. WIIOked marijuana. b. d1. The event in (12a) involves as some of its subevents lighting a marijuana cigarette. taking it to one's lips. inhaling the smoke, etc. The inhaling part is probably felt to be the central and most important subcvent and the one that is metonymically meant. This is exactly the reason why Clinton needed to exclude that part when he argued that.

In all three types of reference metonymies. the metonymic target is the real-world thing or event. The standard situation of reference involves signs. , form-concept units. which stand for a thing or event referred to. We thus have the metonymy: (2) fORM-cONCEPT FOR THING/EVENT: word cow for a rea) COW Strictly speaking. the sign does not refer to the world of reality but to our mental model of reality. ~ a Theory of Metonymy 25 tween these two worlds by comparing the extensional and intensional meanings of the verb to pmu:ll.

The stereotypical 'housewife mother' stands for the named concept. e .. the word mother. However. the specific metonymic relationship is reversible. e .. ORY stands for THE CATEGORY (see (16b)). (7) FORMA·CONCEPTA FOR FORM~·CONCEPT 8 : White House-'place' for White House-· institution· The metonymic situation in (7) applies to polysemy. in which two senses of a word-form arc relatable within the same ICM. Polysemy is a common way in which metonymic concepts manifest themselves in language (see Lakoff 1987 and Taylor 1995).

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