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By M. Hiraga

Metaphor and Iconicity makes an attempt to explain the interaction of metaphor and iconicity within the construction and interpretation of spoken and written texts from a cognitive standpoint. there are many levels during which metaphor and iconicity take place themselves, starting from sound symbolism and parallelism in poetic discourse to notice order, inflectional kinds, and different grammatical buildings in traditional discourse.

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Extra info for Metaphor and Iconicity: A Cognitive Approach to Analysing Texts

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This is particularly so when metaphors become conventionalised, as they manifest themselves in everyday language (cf. Lakoff and Johnson 1980). On the other hand, a novel and creative metaphor requires both imagination and convention in order for us to make sense out of it (cf. Lakoff and Turner 1989). e. Firstness and Thirdness. e. Secondness. It is speculated, therefore, that a metaphor is a sign which exhibits Firstness (quality), Secondness (fact) and Thirdness (law). Following Peirce’s logic of Thirdness, which, in his characterisation, includes Firstness and Secondness (cf.

Jespersen 1964 [1921]). In Basho’s poem, these sounds may evoke something of the size of waves, the wide expanse of dark sea, and the broad width of the Milky Way. Secondly, sonorous effects are also created by the frequent use of nasals ([m], [n], and [N]), and vowel-like consonants ([y] and [w]). 2 shows the nature and distribution of consonants. The dominance of sonorants such as [m], [n], [N], [r], [y] and [w] is clearly evident. They provide prolongation and fullness of the sounds, and hence usually produce lingering effects (cf.

A metaphor is regarded as a substitution of words, as completely paraphrasable into a non-metaphorical expression by means of an analogy between the substitution word and the word being substituted. Hence, a metaphor is assumed to be an ornament of language which conveys no new information. Criticising this rhetorical treatment of metaphors, the semantic view takes metaphors to be a transference of meaning. This view can be further divided into the word-centred approach and the 24 Metaphor and Iconicity sentence-centred one.

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