By Kang Hu, James Dickson
Membrane processing is a filtration procedure during which debris are separated from beverages by way of being compelled via a porous fabric, or membrane. utilized to dairy items, the separation suggestions enable useful compounds, present in milk, to be remoted to be used as elements in meals processing. A complete evaluation of membrane separation procedures, this publication explores quite a few purposes equivalent to strain pushed strategies, electric box pushed tactics, and focus pushed procedures, for the restoration of assorted dairy streams and parts. the themes coated position emphasis on new purposes, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, opposite osmosis, electrodialysis, and pervaporation. The textual content additionally provides in-depth wisdom of the mechanisms of every membrane separation technique, in addition to membrane forms and the gear utilized in those tactics. Combining their academic backgrounds and giant commercial event in dairy components techniques, the authors handle state-of-the-art applied sciences which have been completely researched and feature nice strength to be commercialized within the close to destiny. The ebook will for this reason be of curiosity to dairy execs and should function a resource of reference fabric for professors and scholars in nutrition technology and engineering.
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Extra resources for Membrane Processing for Dairy Ingredient Separation
The significant decrease in permeate flux was as expected. Operating at a TMP of 190 kPa and permeate flux of 180 L/m2 h was probably over the limiting permeate flux. Samuelsson et al. 5 m/s to 8 m/s using a conventional ceramic membrane. 15. 6). 2 UTP process To overcome the cake layer fouling by reducing the permeate flux while maintaining a high shear stress, several approaches have been successfully developed such as the uniform TMP process (UTP). The UTP process, developed by Sandblom (1978) and patented by Alfa-Laval, achieves a uniform low permeate flux along the element by enabling a constant TMP.
72–77 (b), pp. 421 (c), and pp. 468–469 (d). Nakao, S. and Kimura, S. (1981) Analysis of solutes rejection in ultrafiltration. Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, 14 (1), 32–37. K. M. (2005) A microfiltration process to maximize removal of serum proteins from skim milk before cheese making. Journal of Dairy Science, 88, 1891–1900. pdf (12 December 2007). , and Britten, M. (1996) On the conventional cross-flow microfiltration of skim milk for the production of native phosphocaseinate. International Dairy Journal, 6, 105–111.
For the Isoflux membrane, the effective thickness of the membrane selective layer (rather than the porosity as in the GP process) is progressively increased from the outlet to the inlet to compensate for the high TMP at the inlet end. 5), when the ratio of ΔP/Δx is maintained constant along the element, a uniform permeate flux is expected. Grangeon et al. (2002) compared the water permeate flux along an element of a conventional ceramic membrane and an Isoflux membrane. In the experiment, the elements were divided into four sections.