By Leszek Kolakowski, P. S. Falla
The current quantity offers with the evolution of Marxism within the final half-century. Contents: 1. the 1st section of Soviet Marxism. The beginnings of Stalinism; 2. Theoretical Controversies in Soviet Marxism within the Nineteen Twenties; three. Marxism because the Ideology of the Soviet country; four. The crystallization of Marxism-Leninism after the second one global War.; five. Trotsky; 6. Antonio Gramsci: Communist Revisionism; 7. Gyorgy Lukacs. cause within the provider of Dogma; eight. Karl Korsch; nine. Lucien Goldman; 10. The Frankfurt university and demanding thought; eleven. Herbert Marcuse. Marxism as a Totalitarian Utopia of the recent Left; 12. Ernst Bloch. Marxism as a Futuristic Gnosis; thirteen. improvement of Marxism for the reason that Stalin's demise.
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Extra resources for Main Currents of Marxism: Its Rise, Growth and Dissolution, Vol. 3: The Breakdown
It is quite obvious that the theories pointing to the progressive demise of the trade union movement do not correspond to reality. But in order to play an appropriate role in a changing society, trade union organizations are going to have to change as well. Solidarity acquires another meaning in the times of globalization when workers must be organized and struggles coordinated internationally. However, it is totally wrong to expect a new militant response to globalization to emerge at the international level without radical transformation and strengthening of the labour movement on the national level.
The simple old formulae of ‘class struggle’, ‘social transformation’, ‘solidarity’ and ‘popular power’ are becoming ‘old-fashioned’ not because they are remote from the needs of present-day humanity, but because they are forced onto a subordinate level by new ideas formulated so as to accord exactly with the principles of modern advertising. New goods have to keep appearing constantly on the market, not because consumers need them (the consumers do not even know about them yet), but because the whole system of commercial propaganda would otherwise lose its motive force.
The policies of the ‘progressive’ government, that was established with the direct support of the trade unions and the left, have by no means been oriented Does Trade Unionism Have a Future? 25 toward defending the interests of workers. The authorities have sought to win the trust of the monopolies and to join in the process of globalization, sacrificing the interests of their own social base. The labour movement has had no choice but to resist. Researchers note that the level of strike activity in the country did not fall after the democratic elections of 1994.