Download Lost Comrades: Socialists of the Front Generation, 1918-1945 by Dan White PDF

By Dan White

the idea that of new release as a old class hasn't ever been used extra successfully than in Lost Comrades. The socialists of front new release, younger males in 1914, have been pushed into political job and ideological exploration by means of the event of the 1st international struggle. Their efforts to resume socialism, to hold it past Marxism and past the operating classification, have been profound and unique, but eventually they failed.

Lost Comrades follows front new release socialists from their wondering of Marxist orthodoxies within the Twenties into their confrontations with the dual demanding situations of fascism and global melancholy within the early Thirties. Responding to those hazards, they devised—with little success—counterpropaganda opposed to the fascists and making plans blueprints for the economic climate. finally, one of the most prominent—Sir Oswald Mosley in Britain, Hendrik de guy in Belgium, Marcel Déat in France—shifted their hopes to fascism or, dur- ing the second one global conflict, to collaborationism in Hitler's Europe. Others, despite the fact that, like Carlo Mierendorff and Theodor Haubach in Germany, ended as martyrs within the anti-Nazi resistance. but even those divergent paths confirmed parallels reflecting their universal start line.

In tracing those unfulfilled careers, White brings a brand new readability to the hopes and boundaries of ecu socialism among the 2 international wars.

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Extra resources for Lost Comrades: Socialists of the Front Generation, 1918-1945

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One of its contributors later recalled how its editorial conferences kept collapsing in laughter over one or another travesty of middle-class upstandingness, but the joke succeeded. Sales of the "Hessian Review for Moral Culture," as it was subtitled, helped pay for the production costs of Das Tribunal. It was still a time in Germany when one could have fun with one's political opponents. At Heidelberg Mierendorff, Haubach, and the group that gathered around them made the nationalist students frequent targets of their mirth.

Because of the machine gun's deadliness, it was the prime target of enemy attacks and shelling—in the British army the crews were known as "suicide squads"—and Déat was often exposed to the risk of death. He was wounded only once and slightly, with a shrapnel cut on his little finger, but he also endured a two-hour burial under the shower of earth thrown up by a 150-millimeter shell, until his comrades dug him out. At war's end he had attained the rank of captain, but his actual responsibilities, over all the machine-gun units in his regiment, were those of a major.

Haubach and Mierendorff knew ordinary workingmen well enough from the trenches to understand that their revolutionary vistas would not extend as far as their own images of a republic of Geist. Nevertheless, the respect born of comradeship prohibited them from dismissing the more material goals of the working class or from concluding, like many of their contemporaries, that it must be pulled beyond itself by dictatorial methods. A gap existed. In seeking a means to close it Mierendorff and Haubach parted company with the leaders of Aktivismus, whose attitudes here were uncompromisingly elitist, and began to define a separate position of their own.

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