By Henning Steinfeld, Harold A. Mooney, Fritz Schneider, Laurie E. Neville
The speedily altering nature of animal construction platforms, in particular expanding intensification and globalization, is enjoying out in advanced methods world wide. during the last century, farm animals maintaining advanced from a method of harnessing marginal assets to provide goods for neighborhood intake to a key portion of international foodstuff chains. farm animals in a altering panorama deals a entire exam of those vital and far-reaching traits. The books are an outgrowth of a collaborative attempt concerning foreign nongovernmental agencies together with the United international locations meals and Agriculture association (UN FAO), the overseas farm animals study Institute (ILRI), the Swiss collage of Agriculture (SHL), the French Agricultural study Centre for overseas improvement (CIRAD), and the clinical Committee for difficulties of our surroundings (SCOPE). quantity 1 examines the forces shaping switch in farm animals creation and administration; the ensuing affects on landscapes, land use, and social platforms; and strength coverage and administration responses. quantity 2 explores wishes and attracts adventure from region-specific contexts and special case reports. The case stories describe how drivers and results of swap play out in particular geographical parts, and the way private and non-private responses are formed and carried out. jointly, the volumes current new, sustainable ways to the demanding situations created by way of primary shifts in farm animals administration and construction, and signify an important source for coverage makers, managers, and teachers concerned with this factor. (20100410)
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Additional resources for Livestock in a Changing Landscape, Volume 1: Drivers, Consequences, and Responses
11. Comparison of per capita production and consumption levels, 2002 (kg). Region China India Other South Asia East/Southeast Asia WANA Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America Developing world Industrial world Source: FAO 2006a. 12. Annual growth rates (%) of animal numbers and milk and egg production, 1992–2002. 3 Source: FAO 2006a. 4% for hogs, beef, and eggs. 14. 1 Another comprehensive set of TFP growth estimates for livestock (and crops) is that of Jones and Arnade (2003). They used Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) data for 27 countries in 1961–99 and published TFP results by decade.
Regional egg production. 1 Source: FAO 2006a. the relative ease with which nonruminant production technologies can be transferred and adopted around the world, because they are less dependent on environmental conditions or land supplies. 14 are, as expected, rather low. Apart from milk, and with few exceptions, animal yield annual growth rates have been less than 1%, and they sometimes have been negative. However, trends toward earlier slaughter of livestock and lighter carcass weights in some regions will have a negative impact on yield growth rates.
In addition to obesity, nutrition, and health concerns, consumer tastes and preferences have changed due to concerns about food safety. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States estimated that each year 76 million people there get sick, more than 300,000 are hospitalized, and 5,000 people die from foodborne illness. Although the developments related to the adoption of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point and other safety standards may have helped reduce the incidence of foodborne illness, infections with Salmonella, E.